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Effects of unsteady deformation of flapping wing on its aerodynamic forces

  • Gang Du (杜刚)
  • Mao Sun (孙茂)
Article

Abstract

Effects of unsteady deformation of a flapping model insect wing on its aerodynamic force production are studied by solving the Navier-Stokes equations on a dynamically deforming grid. Aerodynamic forces on the flapping wing are not much affected by considerable twist, but affected by camber deformation. The effect of combined camber and twist deformation is similar to that of camber deformation. With a deformation of 6% camber and 20° twist (typical values observed for wings of many insects), lift is increased by 10% ∼ 20% and lift-to-drag ratio by around 10% compared with the case of a rigid flat-plate wing. As a result, the deformation can increase the maximum lift coefficient of an insect, and reduce its power requirement for flight. For example, for a hovering bumblebee with dynamically deforming wings (6% camber and 20° twist), aerodynamic power required is reduced by about 16% compared with the case of rigid wings.

Key words

insect wing deformation unsteady aerodynamic force computational fluid dynamics 

Chinese Library Classification

O355 

2000 Mathematics Subject Classification

76Z10 

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Copyright information

© Shanghai University and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aeroengine Numerical Simulation Research CenterBeijing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsBeijingP. R. China
  2. 2.Institute of Fluid MechanicsBeijing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsBeijingP. R. China

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