Litorilituus lipolyticus sp. nov., isolated from intertidal sand of the Yellow Sea in China, and emended description of Colwellia asteriadis

  • Ang LiuEmail author
  • Yan-Jiao Zhang
  • Qing-Jie Xue
  • Hui Wang
  • Yuan-Yuan Yang
  • Feng Du
  • Long-Yu Zhao
  • Hong-Hua Zhang
  • Yun-Qing Li
  • Xiu-Zhen Li
Original Paper


A Gram-stain negative, rod-shaped, aerobic, oxidase-positive and catalase-weakly positive bacterial strain with polar or subpolar flagellum, designated RZ04T, was isolated from an intertidal sand sample collected from a coastal area of the Yellow Sea, China. The organism was observed to grow optimally at 25 °C and pH 6.5–7.0 with 2% (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain RZ04T was closely related to Colwellia asteriadis (similarity 96.9%) and Litorilituus sediminis (similarity 96.8%), and 94.4–96.4% sequence similarities to other type strains of species of the genera belonged to the family Colwelliaceae. The dominant fatty acids of strain RZ04T were determined to be C17:1ω8c, C15:1ω8c, C16:0 and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω6c and/or C16:1ω7c), and the predominant isoprenoid quinone was determined to be quinone 8 (Q-8). Phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified aminophospholipid and four unidentified lipids were determined to be the major constituents of the polar lipids. The genome of strain RZ04T is 4.14 Mbp with a G + C content of 37.4 mol%. A total of 3631 genes are predicted, with 3531 protein-coding genes, 75 RNA genes and 25 pseudogenes. Based on phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic analysis, strain RZ04T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Litorilituus, for which the name Litorilituus lipolyticus is proposed. The type strain is RZ04T (= MCCC 1K03616T = KCTC 62835T). An emended description of Colwellia asteriadis is also provided.


Colwellia asteriadis Colwelliaceae Genome sequencing Litorilituus lipolyticus sp. nov. Litorilituus Polyphasic taxonomy 



This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 81801982, 31500056, 31300005), the Supporting Fund for Teachers’ Research of Jining Medical University (Grants JYFC2018KJ069, JYFC2018KJ007) and the Shandong Key Research and Development Plan project (Grant 2018GCF118137)

Authors contribution

Authors A. Liu and Y. J. Zhang performed the taxonomic analysis and wrote the manuscript. Authors F. Du, H. Wang, Y. Y. Yang, L. Y. Zhao, and H. H. Zhang performed the physiological analysis. Authors Y. Q. Li, Q. J. Xue and X. Z. Li carried out lipid analyses. All authors contributed to manuscript revision and approved the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10482_2019_1355_MOESM1_ESM.docx (3.9 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 3942 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pathogenic BiologyJining Medical UniversityJiningPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Shandong Province Key Laboratory of Applied Mycology, School of Life SciencesQingdao Agricultural UniversityQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China

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