Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 108, Issue 4, pp 933–950 | Cite as

New species of Ophiostomatales from Scolytinae and Platypodinae beetles in the Cape Floristic Region, including the discovery of the sexual state of Raffaelea

  • Tendai Musvuugwa
  • Z. Wilhelm de Beer
  • Tuan A. Duong
  • Léanne L. Dreyer
  • Kenneth C. Oberlander
  • Francois RoetsEmail author
Original Paper


Olea capensis and Rapanea melanophloeos are important canopy trees in South African Afromontane forests. Dying or recently dead individuals of these trees are often infested by Scolytinae and Platypodinae (Curculionidae) beetles. Fungi were isolated from the surfaces of beetles emerging from wood samples and their galleries. Based on micro-morphological and phylogenetic analyses, four fungal species in the Ophiostomatales were isolated. These were Sporothrix pallida and three taxa here newly described as Sporothrix aemulophila sp. nov., Raffaelea vaginata sp. nov. and Raffaelea rapaneae sp. nov. This study represents the first collection of S. pallida, a species known from many environmental samples from across the world, from Scolytinae beetles. S. aemulophila sp. nov. is an associate of the ambrosia beetle Xyleborinus aemulus. R. rapaneae sp. nov. and R. vaginata sp. nov. were associated with a Lanurgus sp. and Platypodinae beetle, respectively, and represent the first Raffaelea spp. reported from the Cape Floristic Region. Of significance is that R. vaginata produced a sexual state analogous with those of Ophiostoma seticolle and O. deltoideosporum that also grouped in our analyses in Raffaelea s. str., to date considered an asexual genus. The morphology of the ossiform ascospores and anamorphs of the three species corresponded and the generic circumscription of Raffaelea is thus emended to accommodate sexual states. The two known species are provided with new combinations, namely Raffaelea seticollis (R.W. Davidson) Z.W. de Beer and T.A. Duong comb. nov. and Raffaelea deltoideospora (Olchow. and J. Reid) Z.W. de Beer and T.A. Duong comb. nov.


Olea Ophiostoma Platypodinae Raffaelea Rapanea Scolytinae 



The authors thank the DST/NRF Centre of Excellence in Tree Health Biotechnology (CHTB) for financial support and the South African National Parks Board (SANPARKS) and Western Cape Nature Conservation Board for issuing the necessary collecting permits. We are also grateful to Netsai Machingambi, PC Benade and Dewidine van der Colff for assistance with field work and Jane Forrester for permission to work on trees in the Harold Porter National Botanical Garden. Special thanks to Michail Mandelshtam for identification of the beetles collected in this study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest


Supplementary material

10482_2015_547_MOESM1_ESM.doc (54 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 54 kb)
10482_2015_547_MOESM2_ESM.ppt (150 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PPT 149 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tendai Musvuugwa
    • 1
  • Z. Wilhelm de Beer
    • 2
  • Tuan A. Duong
    • 3
  • Léanne L. Dreyer
    • 1
    • 4
  • Kenneth C. Oberlander
    • 5
    • 6
  • Francois Roets
    • 4
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Botany and ZoologyStellenbosch UniversityStellenboschSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI)University of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  3. 3.Department of Genetics, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI)University of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  4. 4.DST/NRF Centre of Excellence in Tree Health Biotechnology (CTHB), Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI)University of PretoriaHatfieldSouth Africa
  5. 5.Institute of BotanyAcademy of SciencesPrůhoniceCzech Republic
  6. 6.Department of Conservation Ecology and EntomologyStellenbosch UniversityStellenboschSouth Africa

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