Vulcaniibacterium tengchongense gen. nov., sp. nov. isolated from a geothermally heated soil sample, and reclassification of Lysobacter thermophilus Wei et al. 2012 as Vulcaniibacterium thermophilum comb. nov.
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A thermotolerant Gram-staining negative and aerobic bacterium, designated strain YIM 77520T, was isolated from a geothermally heated soil sample collected at Rehai National Park, Tengchong, Yunnan Province, South-West China. Cells of the strain were found to be rod-shaped and colonies were light beige and circular. The strain was found to grow in the presence of 0–2 % (w/v) total salts (optimum, 0 %), at pH 6.0–8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and 25–55 °C (optimum, 45 °C). The only quinone detected was Q-8 and the genomic DNA G+C content was determined to be 66.9 mol%. The major fatty acids (>10 %) were identified as iso-C16:0 and iso-C15:0. The phospholipids were found to consist of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, five unknown phospholipids and three aminophospholipids. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain YIM 77520T was found to form a cluster with Lysobacter thermophilus YIM 77875T and showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to L. thermophilus YIM 77875T (96.0 %). These two strains formed a distinct lineage of the family ‘Xanthomonadaceae’. On the basis of the morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics, as well as genotypic data, a new genus, Vulcaniibacterium gen. nov. is proposed with Vulcaniibacterium tengchongense sp. nov. as the type species. The type strain of V. tengchongense sp. nov. is strain YIM 77520T (=DSM 25623T = CCTCC AB 2011152T). Furthermore we propose that L. thermophilus Wei et al. 2012 is reclassified in the new genus as Vulcaniibacterium thermophilum comb. nov. (type strain YIM 77875T = CCTCC AB 2012064T = KCTC 32020T) based on polyphasic data.
KeywordsVulcaniibacterium gen. nov. Vulcaniibacterium tengchongense sp. nov. Vulcaniibacteriumthermophilum comb. nov. Rehai National Park
The authors are grateful to Prof. Jean Euzéby (SBSV and ENVT, France) for the Latin construction of the species name. This research was supported by the Key Project of International Cooperation of Ministry of Science & Technology (MOST) (No. 2013DFA31980), Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31070007), Research Project of Education Department of Henan Province of China (2011A180025), Henan Provincial Undergraduate Training Programs for Innovation and Entrepreneurship (2011060), and National Science Foundation grant (OISE-0968421). W-J Li was also supported by ‘Hundred Talents Program’ of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
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