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A deep multi-modal neural network for informative Twitter content classification during emergencies

  • Abhinav Kumar
  • Jyoti Prakash Singh
  • Yogesh K. DwivediEmail author
  • Nripendra P. Rana
S.I. : Design and Management of Humanitarian Supply Chains

Abstract

People start posting tweets containing texts, images, and videos as soon as a disaster hits an area. The analysis of these disaster-related tweet texts, images, and videos can help humanitarian response organizations in better decision-making and prioritizing their tasks. Finding the informative contents which can help in decision making out of the massive volume of Twitter content is a difficult task and require a system to filter out the informative contents. In this paper, we present a multi-modal approach to identify disaster-related informative content from the Twitter streams using text and images together. Our approach is based on long-short-term-memory and VGG-16 networks that show significant improvement in the performance, as evident from the validation result on seven different disaster-related datasets. The range of F1-score varied from 0.74 to 0.93 when tweet texts and images used together, whereas, in the case of only tweet text, it varies from 0.61 to 0.92. From this result, it is evident that the proposed multi-modal system is performing significantly well in identifying disaster-related informative social media contents.

Keywords

Disaster Twitter LSTM VGG-16 Social media Tweets 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abhinav Kumar
    • 1
  • Jyoti Prakash Singh
    • 1
  • Yogesh K. Dwivedi
    • 2
    Email author
  • Nripendra P. Rana
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringNational Institute of Technology PatnaPatnaIndia
  2. 2.School of ManagementEmerging Markets Research Centre (EMaRC)SwanseaUK
  3. 3.School of ManagementUniversity of BradfordBradfordUK

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