Annals of Operations Research

, Volume 229, Issue 1, pp 541–563 | Cite as

The Top-Dog Index: a new measurement for the demand consistency of the size distribution in pre-pack orders for a fashion discounter with many small branches

  • Sascha Kurz
  • Jörg Rambau
  • Jörg Schlüchtermann
  • Rainer Wolf


We propose the new Top-Dog-Index, a measure for the branch-dependent historic deviation of the supply data of apparel sizes from the sales data of a fashion discounter. Our approach individually measures for each branch the scarcest and the amplest sizes, aggregated over all products. This measurement can iteratively be used to adapt the size distributions in the pre-pack orders for the future. A real-world blind study shows the potential of this distribution free heuristic optimization approach: The gross yield measured in percent of gross value was almost one percentage point higher in the test-group branches than in the control-group branches.


Revenue management Size optimization Demand forecasting  Top-Dog-Index Field study Parallel blind testing 

Mathematics Subject Classification

Primary: 90B05 Secondary: 90B90 



This research was supported by the Bayerische Forschungsstiftung, Project DISPO—A Decision Support for the Integrated Size and Price Optimization. The authors thank Lutz Schade and Tobias Metze as well as an anonymous referee for valuable comments on an earlier version of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sascha Kurz
    • 1
  • Jörg Rambau
    • 1
  • Jörg Schlüchtermann
    • 2
  • Rainer Wolf
    • 3
  1. 1.Fakultät für Mathematik, Physik und InformatikUniversität BayreuthBavariaGermany
  2. 2.Fakultät für Rechts- und WirtschaftswissenschaftenUniversität BayreuthBavariaGermany
  3. 3.Handwerkskammer für MittelfrankenNürnbergGermany

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