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American Journal of Community Psychology

, Volume 56, Issue 3–4, pp 342–356 | Cite as

Intimate Partner Violence and Subsequent Depression: Examining the Roles of Neighborhood Supportive Mechanisms

  • Emily M. WrightEmail author
  • Gillian M. Pinchevsky
  • Michael L. Benson
  • Dana L. Radatz
Original Article

Abstract

This study examines the direct effects of neighborhood supportive mechanisms (e.g., collective efficacy, social cohesion, social networks) on depressive symptoms among females as well as their moderating effects on the impact of IPV on subsequent depressive symptoms. A multilevel, multivariate Rasch model was used with data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods to assess the existence of IPV and later susceptibility of depressive symptoms among 2959 adult females in 80 neighborhoods. Results indicate that neighborhood collective efficacy, social cohesion, social interactions, and the number of friends and family in the neighborhood reduce the likelihood that females experience depressive symptoms. However, living in areas with high proportions of friends and relatives exacerbates the impact of IPV on females’ subsequent depressive symptoms. The findings indicate that neighborhood supportive mechanisms impact interpersonal outcomes in both direct and moderating ways, although direct effects were more pronounced for depression than moderating effects. Future research should continue to examine the positive and potentially mitigating influences of neighborhoods in order to better understand for whom and under which circumstances violent relationships and mental health are influenced by contextual factors.

Keywords

Intimate partner violence Depression Neighborhoods Protective factors Collective efficacy Social ties 

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Copyright information

© Society for Community Research and Action 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emily M. Wright
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gillian M. Pinchevsky
    • 2
  • Michael L. Benson
    • 3
  • Dana L. Radatz
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Criminology and Criminal JusticeUniversity of NebraskaOmahaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Criminal JusticeUniversity of Nevada, Las VegasLas VegasUSA
  3. 3.School of Criminal JusticeUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA
  4. 4.Department of Criminology & Criminal JusticeNiagara UniversityNew YorkUSA

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