American Journal of Community Psychology

, Volume 50, Issue 3–4, pp 402–414 | Cite as

The Interactive Systems Framework Applied to the Strategic Prevention Framework: The Rhode Island Experience

  • Paul Florin
  • Karen B. Friend
  • Stephen Buka
  • Crystelle Egan
  • Linda Barovier
  • Brenda Amodei
Original Paper

Abstract

The Interactive Systems Framework for Dissemination and Implementation (ISF) was introduced as a heuristic systems level model to help bridge the gap between research and practice (Wandersman et al., in Am J Commun Psychol 41:171–181, 2008). This model describes three interacting systems with distinct functions that (1) distill knowledge to develop innovations; (2) provide supportive training and technical assistance for dissemination to; (3) a prevention delivery system responsible for implementation in the field. The Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) is a major prevention innovation launched by the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). The SPF offers a structured, sequential, data-driven approach that explicitly targets environmental conditions in the community and aims for change in substance use and problems at the population level. This paper describes how the ISF was applied to the challenges of implementing the SPF in 14 Rhode Island communities, with a focus on the development of a new Training and Technical Assistance Resources Center to support SPF efforts. More specifically, we (1) describe each of the three ISF interacting systems as they evolved in Rhode Island; (2) articulate the lines of communication between the three systems; and (3) examine selected evaluation data to understand relationships between training and technical assistance and SPF implementation and outcomes.

Keywords

Interactive systems framework Strategic prevention framework Prevention Alcohol and other drug use Training Technical assistance Rhode Island 

Supplementary material

10464_2012_9527_MOESM1_ESM.doc (43 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 43 kb)
10464_2012_9527_MOESM2_ESM.docx (49 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 48 kb)

References

  1. Aguirre-Molina, M., & Gorman, D. M. (1996). Community-based approaches for the prevention of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use. Annual Review of Public Health, 17, 337–358.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Birckmayer, J., Holder, H. D., Yacoubian, G. S., & Friend, K. B. (2004). A general causal model to guide alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug prevention: Assessing the research evidence. Journal of Drug Education, 34(2), 121–153.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chavis, D. M., Florin, P., & Felix, M. R. J. (1992). Nurturing grassroots initiatives for community development: The role of enabling systems. In T. Mizrahi & J. Morrison (Eds.), Community organization and social administration: Advances, trends and emerging principles. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
  4. Chinman, M., Hannah, G., Wandersman, A., Ebener, P., Hunter, S. B., Imm, P., et al. (2005). Developing a community science research agenda for building community capacity for effective prevention interventions. American Journal of Community Psychology, 35(3/4), 143–157.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dent, C. W., Grube, J. W., & Biglan, A. (2005). Community level alcohol availability and enforcement of possession laws as predictors of youth drinking. Preventive Medicine, 40(3), 355–362.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Emshoff, J. G. (2008). Researchers, practitioners, and funders: Using the framework to get us on the same page. American Journal of Community Psychology, 41, 393–403.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fixsen, D. L., Blase, K. A., Naoom, S. F., & Wallace, F. (2009). Core implementation components. Research on Social Work Practice, 19(5), 531–540.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Florin, P., Mitchell, R., & Stevenson, J. (1993). Identifying training and technical assistance needs in coalitions: A developmental approach. Health Education Research: Theory and Practice, 8, 417–432.Google Scholar
  9. Foster-Fishman, P. G., Berkowitz, S. L., Lounsbury, D. W., Jacobson, S., & Allen, N. A. (2001). Building collaborative capacity in community coalitions: A review and integrative framework. American Journal of Community Psychology, 29(1), 241–261.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Friend, K., & Levy, D. T. (2002). Reductions in smoking prevalence and consumption associated with mass media campaigns. Health Education Research, 17(1), 85–98.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Green, L. (2001). From research to “Best Practices” in other settings and populations. American Journal of Health Behavior, 25, 165–178.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Greenberg, M. T., Domitrovich, C. E., Graczyk, P. A., & Zins, J. E. (2004). The study of implementation in school-based preventive interventions: Theory, research, and practice. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services. Final project report.Google Scholar
  13. Hoagwood, K. E., Radigan, M., Rodriguez, J., Levitt, J. M., Fernandez, D., & Foster, J. (2006). Final report on the child and adolescent trauma treatment and services (CATS) project for the substance abuse and mental health services administration (SAMHSA). New York: Office of Mental Health.Google Scholar
  14. Holder, H. D. (1999). Alcohol and the community. A systems approach to prevention. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Holder, H. D. (2002). Prevention of alcohol and drug “abuse” problems at the community level: What research tells us. Substance Use and Misuse, 37(8–10), 901–921.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Levy, D. T., & Friend, K. (2002). A computer simulation model of mass media interventions directed at tobacco use. Preventive Medicine, 32(3), 284–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lewin, S., Lavis, J. N., Oxman, A. D., et al. (2008). Alma-Ata: Rebirth and revision 2: Supporting the delivery of cost-effective interventions in primary health-care systems in low-income and middle-income countries: An overview of systematic reviews. Lancet, 372, 928–939.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mitchell, R., Florin, P., & Stevenson, J. (2002). Supporting community-based prevention and health promotion initiatives. Developing effective technical assistance systems. Health, Education and Behavior, 29, 620–639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mitchell, R., Stone-Wiggins, B., Stevenson, J. F., & Florin, P. (2004). Cultivating capacity: Outcomes of a statewide support system for prevention coalitions. Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community, 27, 67–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pentz, M. A. (1998). Preventing drug abuse through the community: Multicomponent programs make the difference. In A. Sloboda & W. B. Hansen (Eds.), Putting research to work for the community (NIDA Publication No. 98-4293; pp. 73–86). Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.Google Scholar
  21. Pentz, M. A. (2000). Institutionalizing community-based prevention through policy change. Journal of Community Psychology, 28, 257–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pentz, M. A. (2003). Evidence-based prevention: Characteristics, impact, and future direction. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 35(Suppl), 143–152.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wagenaar, A. C., Murray, D. M., Gehan, J. P., Wolfson, M., Forster, J. M., Toomey, T. L., et al. (2000). Communities mobilizing for change on alcohol: Outcomes from a randomized community trial. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 61, 85–94.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Wandersman, A., Duffy, J., Flaspohler, P., Noonan, R., Lubell, K., Stillman, L., et al. (2008). Bridging the gap between prevention research and practice: The interactive systems framework for dissemination. American Journal of Community Psychology, 41, 171–181.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wandersman, A., & Florin, P. (2003). Community interventions and effective prevention. American Psychologist, 58(6/7), 441–448.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Society for Community Research and Action 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Florin
    • 1
  • Karen B. Friend
    • 2
  • Stephen Buka
    • 3
  • Crystelle Egan
    • 1
  • Linda Barovier
    • 4
  • Brenda Amodei
    • 2
  1. 1.Community Research and Services TeamUniversity of Rhode Island Providence CampusProvidenceUSA
  2. 2.Pacific Institute for Research and EvaluationDecision Sciences InstitutePawtucketUSA
  3. 3.Chief of Epidemiology SectionBrown University/Division of Community HealthProvidenceUSA
  4. 4.Education Development Center, Inc.NewtonUSA

Personalised recommendations