Sustaining the Utilization and High Quality Implementation of Tested and Effective Prevention Programs Using the Communities That Care Prevention System
- 483 Downloads
This paper describes the extent to which communities implementing the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention system adopt, replicate with fidelity, and sustain programs shown to be effective in reducing adolescent drug use, delinquency, and other problem behaviors. Data were collected from directors of community-based agencies and coalitions, school principals, service providers, and teachers, all of whom participated in a randomized, controlled evaluation of CTC in 24 communities. The results indicated significantly increased use and sustainability of tested, effective prevention programs in the 12 CTC intervention communities compared to the 12 control communities, during the active phase of the research project when training, technical assistance, and funding were provided to intervention sites, and 2 years following provision of such resources. At both time points, intervention communities also delivered prevention services to a significantly greater number of children and parents. The quality of implementation was high in both conditions, with only one significant difference: CTC sites were significantly more likely than control sites to monitor the quality of implementation during the sustainability phase of the project.
KeywordsCommunity coalitions Adoption Implementation fidelity Dissemination Sustainability
This work was supported by research grants from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01 DA015183-03) with co-funding from the National Cancer Institute, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Mental Health, and the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. The content of this paper is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the funding agencies. The authors gratefully acknowledge the on-going participation in the study and data collection efforts of the residents of the 24 communities described in this paper.
- Arthur, M. W., Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F., & Olson, J. J. (2002). Community key informant survey. Seattle, WA: Social Development Research Group, University of Washington.Google Scholar
- Fagan, A. A., Arthur, M. W., Hanson, K., Briney, J. S., & Hawkins, J. D. (in press). Effects of Communities That Care on the adoption and implementation fidelity of evidence-based prevention programs in communities: Results from a randomized controlled trial. Prevention Science. doi: 10.1007/s11121-011-0226-5.
- Fagan, A. A., Brooke-Weiss, B., Cady, R., & Hawkins, J. D. (2009a). If at first you don’t succeed … keep trying: Strategies to enhance coalition/school partnerships to implement school-based prevention programming. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 42, 387–405.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Fixsen, D. L., Naoom, S. F., Blase, K. A., Friedman, R. M., & Wallace, F. (2005). Implementation research: A synthesis of the literature. Tampa, FL: University of South Florida, Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute, The National Implementation Research Network (FMHI Publication #231).Google Scholar
- Hawkins, J. D., & Catalano, R. F. (1992). Communities that care: Action for drug abuse prevention. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.Google Scholar
- Hawkins, J. D., Oesterle, S., Brown, E. C., Arthur, M. W., Abbott, R. D., Fagan, A. A., et al. (2009). Results of a type 2 translational research trial to prevent adolescent drug use and delinquency: A test of Communities That Care. Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine, 163, 789–798.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Henggeler, S. W., Melton, G. B., Brondino, M. J., Scherer, D. G., & Hanley, J. H. (1997). Multisystemic Therapy with violent and chronic juvenile offenders and their families: The role of treatment fidelity in successful dissemination. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 821–833.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Spoth, R. L., Rohrbach, L. A., Hawkins, J. D., Greenberg, M., Pentz, M. A., Robertson, E., et al. (2008). Type II translational research: Overview and definitions. Fairfax, VA: Society for Prevention Research. http://www.preventionscience.org/SPR_Type%202%20Translation%20Research_Overview%20and%20Definition.pdf.