Artificial Intelligence Review

, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 299–329 | Cite as

Parallel vision for perception and understanding of complex scenes: methods, framework, and perspectives

  • Kunfeng Wang
  • Chao Gou
  • Nanning Zheng
  • James M. Rehg
  • Fei-Yue WangEmail author


In the study of image and vision computing, the generalization capability of an algorithm often determines whether it is able to work well in complex scenes. The goal of this review article is to survey the use of photorealistic image synthesis methods in addressing the problems of visual perception and understanding. Currently, the ACP Methodology comprising artificial systems, computational experiments, and parallel execution is playing an essential role in modeling and control of complex systems. This paper extends the ACP Methodology into the computer vision field, by proposing the concept and basic framework of Parallel Vision. In this paper, we first review previous works related to Parallel Vision, in terms of synthetic data generation and utilization. We detail the utility of synthetic data for feature analysis, object analysis, scene analysis, and other analyses. Then we propose the basic framework of Parallel Vision, which is composed of an ACP trilogy (artificial scenes, computational experiments, and parallel execution). We also present some in-depth thoughts and perspectives on Parallel Vision. This paper emphasizes the significance of synthetic data to vision system design and suggests a novel research methodology for perception and understanding of complex scenes.


Visual perception Complex scenes Parallel Vision ACP Methodology Computer graphics Image synthesis 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61533019 and No. 71232006).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kunfeng Wang
    • 1
  • Chao Gou
    • 1
  • Nanning Zheng
    • 2
  • James M. Rehg
    • 3
  • Fei-Yue Wang
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.The State Key Laboratory of Management and Control for Complex Systems, Institute of AutomationChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics (IAIR)Xi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  3. 3.School of Interactive ComputingGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA
  4. 4.Research Center for Computational Experiments and Parallel Systems TechnologyNational University of Defense TechnologyChangshaChina

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