Artificial Intelligence Review

, Volume 50, Issue 2, pp 283–339 | Cite as

Suspicious human activity recognition: a review

  • Rajesh Kumar Tripathi
  • Anand Singh JalalEmail author
  • Subhash Chand Agrawal


Suspicious human activity recognition from surveillance video is an active research area of image processing and computer vision. Through the visual surveillance, human activities can be monitored in sensitive and public areas such as bus stations, railway stations, airports, banks, shopping malls, school and colleges, parking lots, roads, etc. to prevent terrorism, theft, accidents and illegal parking, vandalism, fighting, chain snatching, crime and other suspicious activities. It is very difficult to watch public places continuously, therefore an intelligent video surveillance is required that can monitor the human activities in real-time and categorize them as usual and unusual activities; and can generate an alert. Recent decade witnessed a good number of publications in the field of visual surveillance to recognize the abnormal activities. Furthermore, a few surveys can be seen in the literature for the different abnormal activities recognition; but none of them have addressed different abnormal activities in a review. In this paper, we present the state-of-the-art which demonstrates the overall progress of suspicious activity recognition from the surveillance videos in the last decade. We include a brief introduction of the suspicious human activity recognition with its issues and challenges. This paper consists of six abnormal activities such as abandoned object detection, theft detection, fall detection, accidents and illegal parking detection on road, violence activity detection, and fire detection. In general, we have discussed all the steps those have been followed to recognize the human activity from the surveillance videos in the literature; such as foreground object extraction, object detection based on tracking or non-tracking methods, feature extraction, classification; activity analysis and recognition. The objective of this paper is to provide the literature review of six different suspicious activity recognition systems with its general framework to the researchers of this field.


Abandoned object Theft detection Fall detection Accidents Violence Fire detection 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajesh Kumar Tripathi
    • 1
  • Anand Singh Jalal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Subhash Chand Agrawal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of CEA, IETGLA UniversityMathuraIndia

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