US Regional Changes in Racial/Ethnic Disparities in HIV Diagnoses Among Women in the United States, 2012 and 2017
Racial/ethnic and geographic disparities in HIV diagnosis rates exist among women in the United States. Black/African American women are disproportionately affected; rates are highest in the South and Northeast. Monitoring progress towards eliminating disparities in HIV diagnosis rates among women is a national HIV prevention goal. To illustrate the performance of different measures of disparities, we compared 2012 and 2017 HIV diagnosis rates among adult and adolescent females by race/ethnicity and geographic region. We used HIV surveillance data for diagnoses and five absolute and three relative measures of disparity. The absolute disparity decreased in each region; the relative disparity decreased with the exception of one measure in the Northeast and South. Despite progress, disparities in HIV diagnosis rates among women remain. Appropriate strategies to measure progress and contextualize findings are needed.
KeywordsHIV diagnosis rates Women Disparities US geographic region Social determinants of health
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.
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