Important Roles of Health Professionals in Maternal HIV Disclosure Among HIV-Infected Women in China
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Maternal HIV disclosure to children is beneficial for both mothers and children. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate the prevalence of maternal HIV disclosure to at least one living child aged > 5 years among 292 HIV-infected mothers in Guangxi Province, China. Among all participants, 45.2% had self-disclosed their HIV positive sero-status to at least one living child aged > 5 years. After adjusting for the significant background variables, participants self-reported health professionals in governmental antenatal care clinics had discussed with them about maternal HIV disclosure (adjusted odds ratios, aOR: 5.85), had received counseling services (aOR: 7.84) or support (aOR: 8.75) from these health professionals when making decision on maternal HIV, and perceived higher empathy of these health professionals (aOR: 1.09) were more likely to have reported maternal HIV disclosure. Instrumental and affective interactions between health professionals and HIV-infected mothers were important facilitators of maternal HIV disclosure.
KeywordsMaternal HIV disclosure to children HIV-infected mothers Doctor-patient interactions China
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Research Involving Human Participants
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Survey and Behavioural Research Ethics Committee, the Chinese University of Hong Kong and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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