Will We Get to Zero HIV Stigma in San Francisco?
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Cities worldwide are striving to get to zero HIV stigma as a condition to get to zero new infections. We tracked an indicator of perceived HIV stigma across surveys of men who have sex with men (MSM) in San Francisco from 2011 to 2017. Little improvement in perceived HIV stigma was observed, from 22.3% (95% CI 18.7–26.3) of MSM agreeing with the statement “Most people would discriminate against someone with HIV” in 2011 to 21.0% (95% CI 17.5–24.9) in 2017 (χ2 test for trend 0.252, p = 0.616). Success in ending the epidemic may flag without addressing the causes of HIV stigma.
KeywordsHIV stigma Men who have sex with men San Francisco
This research was supported by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 1U1BPS003247, 5U1BPS003247, and 6NU62PS005077.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare they have no conflict of interest.
The study was reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board of the University of California San Francisco. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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