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Will We Get to Zero HIV Stigma in San Francisco?

  • Sofia Beltran
  • Yea-Hung Chen
  • Desmond Miller
  • Theresa Ick
  • Jessica Lin
  • Tracey Packer
  • Willi McFarlandEmail author
  • Henry F. Raymond
Original Paper
  • 75 Downloads

Abstract

Cities worldwide are striving to get to zero HIV stigma as a condition to get to zero new infections. We tracked an indicator of perceived HIV stigma across surveys of men who have sex with men (MSM) in San Francisco from 2011 to 2017. Little improvement in perceived HIV stigma was observed, from 22.3% (95% CI 18.7–26.3) of MSM agreeing with the statement “Most people would discriminate against someone with HIV” in 2011 to 21.0% (95% CI 17.5–24.9) in 2017 (χ2 test for trend 0.252, p = 0.616). Success in ending the epidemic may flag without addressing the causes of HIV stigma.

Keywords

HIV stigma Men who have sex with men San Francisco 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 1U1BPS003247, 5U1BPS003247, and 6NU62PS005077.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

The study was reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board of the University of California San Francisco. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sofia Beltran
    • 1
  • Yea-Hung Chen
    • 2
  • Desmond Miller
    • 2
  • Theresa Ick
    • 2
  • Jessica Lin
    • 2
  • Tracey Packer
    • 2
  • Willi McFarland
    • 2
    Email author
  • Henry F. Raymond
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public HealthUniversity of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.San Francisco Department of Public HealthSan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.School of Public HealthRutgers UniversityPiscatawayUSA

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