Towards an Information Motivation and Behavioral Skills Model for New Sex Partners: Results of a Study of Condom Use as an HIV Prevention Method for Emerging Adults Who Met Partners on Dating and Sex-Seeking Platforms or Offline

  • Shana M. GreenEmail author
  • DeAnne Turner
  • Julie A. Baldwin
  • Eric R. Walsh-Buhi
  • Cheryl A. Vamos
  • Getachew Dagne
  • Stephanie L. Marhefka
Original Paper


The information, motivation, behavioral Skills (IMB) model was used to identify factors that affect condom use with new sex partners that were met offline or online. Mixed methods data were collected from adults between the ages of 18 and 29 years who reported a new sex partner. A model was composed of participants’ IMB scale scores to determine the effect of these variables on condom use. A subset of 20 survey participants completed interviews exploring how IMB model elements may have influenced their condom use. Mixed methods results showed condom use skills were influential for condom use during the first sexual encounter between new partners. Qualitative findings suggest the information and motivation may also influence condom use with new sex partners. The IMB model for new partners may be relevant model for the development of interventions that encourage emerging adults to use condoms at first sex with new sex partners.


Information motivation behavioral skills model HIV STI Online dating 



This study was not funded.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Institutional Review Board of the University of South Florida and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Supplementary material

10461_2018_2349_MOESM1_ESM.docx (20 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 19 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shana M. Green
    • 1
    Email author
  • DeAnne Turner
    • 1
  • Julie A. Baldwin
    • 2
  • Eric R. Walsh-Buhi
    • 3
  • Cheryl A. Vamos
    • 1
  • Getachew Dagne
    • 4
  • Stephanie L. Marhefka
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Community and Family HealthUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA
  2. 2.Center for Health Equity ResearchNorthern Arizona UniversityFlagstaffUSA
  3. 3.Division of Health Promotion and Behavioral ScienceSan Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  4. 4.Department of Epidemiology and BiostaticsUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA

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