Exploration of Implementation Patterns and Content from a Text-Based Outreach Intervention Clinical Trial for Newly Diagnosed, HIV-Positive MSM in Beijing, China
The Multi-component HIV Intervention Packages for Chinese MSM (China MP3) project sought to facilitate engagement in care and initiation of antiretroviral therapy among newly HIV-diagnosed men who have sex with men in Beijing, China through the implementation of in-person peer-counseling (PC) and a weekly short message service (SMS)-based outreach text with as-needed follow-up during the first 12-months of living with HIV. Implementation of the interactive text-based intervention used a ‘ticket system’ to monitor and document responses to texted check-ins and PC follow-up. Using this tracking system, we characterized the 1521 tickets generated during the China-MP3 intervention across 184 intervention participants. A wide variety of topics were the focus of interactions prompted by texted outreach although most appeared to focus on issues related to ART and CD4 and viral load. Almost all participants engaged in at least one SMS-related discussion. Sending regular check-ins may offer unique opportunities to newly diagnosed MSM to ask questions or gather support between face-to-face visits.
KeywordsText messaging HIV China Sexual and gender minorities Peer counseling
The authors acknowledge the contributions of the full China MP3 team and the participants who offered their time and insights for this project.
This work was supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health under Award Numbers R01AI094562 and R34AI091446. The funder had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
KRA had a grant with Gilead Sciences through the University of Michigan (completed 2017). No other authors have conflicts of interest with the work presented.
All research activities were approved by Vanderbilt University abd China CDC. The parent grant (China MP3) is registered with clinical trials (Clinical Trials NCT01904877).
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