AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 22, Supplement 1, pp 65–69 | Cite as

HIV Risk and Gender in Jamaica’s Homeless Population

  • Nicola SkyersEmail author
  • Sharlene Jarrett
  • Willi McFarland
  • Dahlia Cole
  • Uki Atkinson
Original Paper


Rigorous HIV-related data for the homeless population in Jamaica is limited. A cross-sectional survey using a venue-based sampling approach was conducted in 2015 to derive HIV prevalence and associated risk factors. Three hundred twenty-three homeless persons from the parishes of St. James, St. Ann, Kingston, and St. Andrew (the main urban centers) participated. HIV prevalence was 13.8%, with a difference in gender (males 11.6%, females 26.7%, P = .007). Sex work, multiple partnerships, incarceration, non-injecting drug use, and female rape were common among the participants. Long-term, multilayered, HIV-specific, female-focused interventions are required for the population, along with additional female-centric research.


HIV Homeless Gender Jamaica 



This study received support through the Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) to the Ministry of Health, Jamaica. The lead author (Nicola Skyers) received support from the University of California, San Francisco, via the following Grant from the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH): International Traineeships in AIDS Prevention Studies (ITAPS, R25MH064712) and the Starr Foundation Scholarship Fund. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of GFATM or NIH.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of interest


Ethical Approval

The survey was implemented as part of public health surveillance through the course of HIV prevention program activities. Review by Institutional Review Board was not required.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all participants in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.HIV/STI/Tb UnitMinistry of HealthKingstonJamaica
  2. 2.University of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.National Council of Drug AbuseKingstonJamaica

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