AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 22, Issue 7, pp 2161–2171 | Cite as

Risk Behaviors for HIV and HCV Infection Among People Who Inject Drugs in Hai Phong, Viet Nam, 2014

  • Huong Thi DuongEmail author
  • Don Des Jarlais
  • Oanh Hai Thi Khuat
  • Kamyar Arasteh
  • Jonathan Feelemyer
  • Pham Minh Khue
  • Hoang Thi Giang
  • Didier Laureillard
  • Vinh Vu Hai
  • Roselyne Vallo
  • Laurent Michel
  • Jean Pierre Moles
  • Nicolas Nagot
  • Drive Study Group
Original Paper


We examined the potential for HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) transmission across persons who inject drugs (PWID), men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) and female commercial sex workers (CSW) PWID and the potential for sexual transmission of HIV from PWID to the general population in Hai Phong, Viet Nam. Using respondent driven and convenience sampling we recruited 603 participants in 2014. All participants used heroin; 24% used non-injected methamphetamine. HIV prevalence was 25%; HCV prevalence was 67%. HIV infection was associated with HCV prevalence and both infections were associated with length of injecting career. Reported injecting risk behaviors were low; unsafe sexual behavior was high among MSM-PWID and CSW-PWID. There is strong possibility of sexual transmission to primary partners facilitated by methamphetamine use. We would suggest future HIV prevention programs utilize multiple interventions including “treatment as prevention” to potential sexual transmission of HIV among MSM and CSW-PWID and from PWID to the general population.


HIV Persons who inject drugs (PWID) Vietnam Respondent driven sampling (RDS) Sex workers Men who have sex with men (MSM) 



This study was funded by the ANRS 12299 and NIDA P30DA011041. The views expressed in this publication do not necessarily represent the position of the National Institutes of Health or l’Agence de recherche ANRS.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the Institutional Review Boards of the Hai Phong University of Medicine and Pharmacy and Mount Sinai Beth Israel.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huong Thi Duong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Don Des Jarlais
    • 2
  • Oanh Hai Thi Khuat
    • 3
  • Kamyar Arasteh
    • 2
  • Jonathan Feelemyer
    • 2
  • Pham Minh Khue
    • 1
  • Hoang Thi Giang
    • 1
  • Didier Laureillard
    • 4
    • 5
  • Vinh Vu Hai
    • 6
  • Roselyne Vallo
    • 4
  • Laurent Michel
    • 7
  • Jean Pierre Moles
    • 4
  • Nicolas Nagot
    • 4
  • Drive Study Group
  1. 1.Faculty of Public HealthHai Phong University of Medicine and PharmacyHai PhongViet Nam
  2. 2.Icahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Supporting Community Development InitiativesHanoiViet Nam
  4. 4.Inserm U1058, Etablissement Français du Sang, University of MontpellierMontpellierFrance
  5. 5.Department of Infectious and Tropical DiseasesUniversity HospitalNîmesFrance
  6. 6.Infectious Diseases DepartmentViet Tiep HospitalHai PhongViet Nam
  7. 7.CESP/Inserm1018, Pierre Nicole CentreFrench Red CrossParisFrance

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