AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 665–677 | Cite as

Economic Resources and HIV Preventive Behaviors Among School-Enrolled Young Women in Rural South Africa (HPTN 068)

  • Larissa Jennings
  • Audrey Pettifor
  • Erica Hamilton
  • Tiarney D. Ritchwood
  • F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé
  • Catherine MacPhail
  • James Hughes
  • Amanda Selin
  • Kathleen Kahn
  • The HPTN 068 Study Team
Original Paper

Abstract

Individual economic resources may have greater influence on school-enrolled young women’s sexual decision-making than household wealth measures. However, few studies have investigated the effects of personal income, employment, and other financial assets on young women’s sexual behaviors. Using baseline data from the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 068 study, we examined the association of ever having sex and adopting sexually-protective practices with individual-level economic resources among school-enrolled women, aged 13–20 years (n = 2533). Age-adjusted results showed that among all women employment was associated with ever having sex (OR 1.56, 95 % CI 1.28–1.90). Among sexually-experienced women, paid work was associated with changes in partner selection practices (OR 2.38, 95 % CI 1.58–3.58) and periodic sexual abstinence to avoid HIV (OR 1.71, 95 % CI 1.07–2.75). Having money to spend on oneself was associated with reducing the number of sexual partners (OR 1.94, 95 % CI 1.08–3.46), discussing HIV testing (OR 2.15, 95 % CI 1.13–4.06), and discussing condom use (OR 1.99, 95 % CI 1.04–3.80). Having a bank account was associated with condom use (OR 1.49, 95 % CI 1.01–2.19). Economic hardship was positively associated with ever having sex, but not with sexually-protective behaviors. Maximizing women’s individual economic resources may complement future prevention initiatives.

Keywords

Economic resources Assets HIV Women Risk behaviors South Africa Prevention 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Larissa Jennings
    • 1
  • Audrey Pettifor
    • 2
    • 5
  • Erica Hamilton
    • 3
  • Tiarney D. Ritchwood
    • 4
  • F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé
    • 5
    • 6
  • Catherine MacPhail
    • 5
    • 7
    • 8
  • James Hughes
    • 9
    • 10
  • Amanda Selin
    • 2
  • Kathleen Kahn
    • 5
    • 6
    • 11
  • The HPTN 068 Study Team
  1. 1.Department of International Health, Social and Behavioral Interventions ProgramJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of EpidemiologyUniversity of North Carolina, Gillings School of Global Public HealthChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.FHI360, Science FacilitationDurhamUSA
  4. 4.Department of Public Health SciencesMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA
  5. 5.Medical Research Council Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit, Agincourt, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa
  6. 6.INDEPTH NetworkAccraGhana
  7. 7.School of HealthUniversity of New EnglandArmidaleAustralia
  8. 8.Wits Reproductive Health and HIV InstituteUniversity of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa
  9. 9.Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research CenterStatistical Center for HIV/AIDS Research & Prevention (SCHARP)SeattleUSA
  10. 10.Department of BiostatisticsUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  11. 11.Centre for Global Health ResearchUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden

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