AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 20, Issue 8, pp 1713–1721 | Cite as

Long-Term Cigarette Smoking Trajectories Among HIV-Seropositive and Seronegative MSM in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study

  • Wajiha Z. Akhtar-Khaleel
  • Robert L. Cook
  • Steve Shoptaw
  • Pamela J. Surkan
  • Linda A. Teplin
  • Ronald Stall
  • Rebecca J. Beyth
  • Todd  M. Manini
  • Michael Plankey
Original Paper

Abstract

To examine the association between demographic characteristics and long-term smoking trajectory group membership among HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative men who have sex with men (MSM). A cohort of 6552 MSM from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study were asked detailed information about their smoking history since their last follow-up. Group-based trajectory modeling was used to examine smoking behavior and identify trajectory group membership. Because participants enrolled after 2001 were more likely to be younger, HIV-seronegative, non-Hispanic black, and have a high school diploma or less, we also assessed time of enrollment in our analysis. Participants were grouped into 4 distinct smoking trajectory groups: persistent nonsmoker (n = 3737 [55.9 %]), persistent light smoker (n = 663 [11.0 %]), heavy smoker to nonsmoker (n = 531 [10.0 %]), and persistent heavy smoker (n = 1604 [23.1 %]). Compared with persistent nonsmokers, persistent heavy smokers were associated with being enrolled in 2001 and later (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.35; 95 % CI 2.12–2.58), having a high school diploma or less (aOR 3.22; 95 % CI 3.05–3.39), and being HIV-seropositive (aOR 1.17; 95 % CI 1.01–1.34). These associations were statistically significant across all trajectory groups for time of enrollment and education but not for HIV serostatus. The overall decrease of smoking as shown by our trajectory groups is consistent with the national trend. Characteristics associated with smoking group trajectory membership should be considered in the development of targeted smoking cessation interventions among MSM and people living with HIV.

Keywords

MACS Smoking Trajectories PLWH 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wajiha Z. Akhtar-Khaleel
    • 1
  • Robert L. Cook
    • 1
  • Steve Shoptaw
    • 2
  • Pamela J. Surkan
    • 3
  • Linda A. Teplin
    • 4
  • Ronald Stall
    • 5
  • Rebecca J. Beyth
    • 6
    • 7
  • Todd  M. Manini
    • 1
    • 8
  • Michael Plankey
    • 9
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health and Health Professions and College of MedicineUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Family Medicine and Psychiatry, David Geffen School of MedicineUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Department of International HealthJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthBaltimoreUSA
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Feinberg School of MedicineNorthwestern UniversityChicagoUSA
  5. 5.Department of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences, Graduate School of Public HealthUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  6. 6.Malcom Randall VA Medical CenterGainesvilleUSA
  7. 7.Department of Medicine, College of MedicineUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  8. 8.Department of Aging & Geriatric Research, Institute on Aging, College of MedicineUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  9. 9.Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious DiseasesGeorgetown University Medical CenterWashingtonUSA

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