AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 20, Issue 10, pp 2357–2371 | Cite as

Sociodemographic Factors, Sexual Behaviors, and Alcohol and Recreational Drug Use Associated with HIV Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Southern Vietnam

  • Thuong Vu Nguyen
  • Nghia Van Khuu
  • Phuc Duy Nguyen
  • Hau Phuc Tran
  • Huong Thu Thi Phan
  • Lan Trong Phan
  • Roger Detels
Original Paper


A total of 2768 MSM participated in a survey in southern Vietnam. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine predictors of HIV infection. The prevalence of HIV among MSM was 2.6 %. HIV infection was more likely in MSM who were older, had a religion, had engaged in anal sex with a foreigner in the past 12 months, previously or currently used recreational drugs, perceived themselves as likely or very likely to be infected with HIV, and/or were syphilis seropositive. MSM who had ever married, were exclusively or frequently receptive, sometimes consumed alcohol before sex, and/or frequently used condoms during anal sex in the past 3 months were less likely to be infected with HIV. Recreational drug use is strongly associated with HIV infection among MSM in southern Vietnam. HIV interventions among MSM should incorporate health promotion, condom promotion, harm reduction, sexually transmitted infection treatment, and address risk behaviors.


HIV Risk factors MSM Vietnam 



We thank colleagues from eight Provincial AIDS Centers of the eight above stated provinces in southern Vietnam and the staff of the HIV/AIDS Program and the Microbiology and Immunology Department of PIHCM for assisting in the data collection and testing of specimens. Funding for this work was supported by The World Bank Project entitled “Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS in Vietnam” and NIH UCLA/Fogarty International Center D43 TW000013. We thank Wendy Aft for editing.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thuong Vu Nguyen
    • 1
  • Nghia Van Khuu
    • 1
  • Phuc Duy Nguyen
    • 1
  • Hau Phuc Tran
    • 1
  • Huong Thu Thi Phan
    • 2
  • Lan Trong Phan
    • 1
  • Roger Detels
    • 3
  1. 1.Pasteur Institute Hochiminh CityHochiminh CityVietnam
  2. 2.Vietnam Authority of HIV/AIDS ControlHanoiVietnam
  3. 3.Department of EpidemiologyUCLA School of Public HealthLos AngelesUSA

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