AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp 1123–1131 | Cite as

The Effect of a Community-Based Exercise Program on Inflammation, Metabolic Risk, and Fitness Levels Among Persons Living with HIV/AIDS

  • Stacy E. Cutrono
  • John E. Lewis
  • Arlette Perry
  • Joseph Signorile
  • Eduard Tiozzo
  • Kevin A. Jacobs
Original Paper

Abstract

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic remains a top national health priority. Chronic inflammation may be a critical component in the disease course of HIV as C-reactive protein (CRP) is elevated and associated with increased mortality. This study examined the effect of 3 months of combined aerobic and resistance exercise training among a diverse cohort of HIV-infected men and women. The fixed effect of time for CRP was found to be non-significant (F[1,57.3] = 1.7, p = 0.19). There was a significant fixed effect for time for upper body (F[1,51.6] = 18.1, p < 0.05) and lower body strength (F[1,48.0] = 15.7, p < 0.05) and significant declines in diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.002) and waist circumference (p = 0.027). Though levels of CRP were not impacted after 3 months training, participants demonstrated a significant increase in muscular strength as well as beneficial changes in metabolic risk factors. Future studies should focus on determining the optimal exercise intervention length and mode to reduce inflammation among individuals living with HIV.

Keywords

Human immunodeficiency virus Aerobic exercise Resistance training C-reactive protein Inflammation Metabolic risk 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This material is based on work supported by AstraZeneca HealthCare Foundation’s Connections for Cardiovascular HealthSM (CCH) program. The CCH program funds charitable work, not research that addresses cardiovascular health issues within the United States and its territories. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and have not been reviewed for approval by the AstraZeneca HealthCare Foundation.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stacy E. Cutrono
    • 1
    • 2
  • John E. Lewis
    • 3
  • Arlette Perry
    • 1
  • Joseph Signorile
    • 1
  • Eduard Tiozzo
    • 3
  • Kevin A. Jacobs
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Kinesiology and Sports Sciences, School of Education and Human DevelopmentUniversity of MiamiCoral GablesUSA
  2. 2.Sylvester Comprehensive CancerUniversity of Miami, Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Miami, Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA

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