Advertisement

AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 19, Issue 10, pp 1905–1913 | Cite as

Online Dating Among Australian Gay and Bisexual Men: Romance or Hooking Up?

  • Garrett PrestageEmail author
  • Benjamin Bavinton
  • Jeffrey Grierson
  • Ian Down
  • Phillip Keen
  • Jack Bradley
  • Duane Duncan
Original Paper

Abstract

Increasingly, gay and bisexual men (GBM) meet casual sex partners online and this has been associated with sexual risk behavior. How do GBM meet regular partners? This online anonymous survey of 4215 GBM included 2562 men with a primary regular partner (PRP) who were included in these analyses. Mean age of the sample was 38.1 years. 60.3 % had met their PRP at least 2 years earlier. Meeting their PRP online increased from 14.0 % before 2001 to 79.9 % in 2013–2014. At all time points, men who met their PRP online were somewhat older than those who met their PRP offline. Regardless of how they met their PRP, most men met casual sex partners online. Among GBM, meeting sexual and romantic partners online has replaced other methods, for all age groups. The population of GBM who use the internet for this purpose is now equivalent to all sexually active GBM.

Keywords

HIV Sexual risk Gay men Men who have sex with men Sexuality Sexual behavior Relationships 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia. The Kirby Institute is affiliated with the Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales. The Australian Research Centre in Sex Health and Society (ARCSHS) is affiliated with the Faculty of Health Sciences, La Trobe University. The Kirby Institute and ARCSHS receive funding from the Commonwealth of Australia Department of Health and Ageing.

Conflict of interest

None.

References

  1. 1.
    Elford J. Changing patterns of sexual behavior in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2006;19:26–32.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Holt M, Lee E, Prestage GP, Zablotska I, De Wit J, Mao L. The converging and diverging characteristics of HIV-positive and HIV-negative gay men in the Australian Gay Community Periodic Surveys, 2000–2009. AIDS Care. 2013;25:28–37.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ogilvie GS, Taylor D, Trussler T, et al. Seeking sexual partners on the Internet: a marker for risky sexual behaviour in men who have sex with men. Can J Public Health. 2008;99:185–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Grov C, Rendina HJ, Parsons JT. Comparing three cohorts of MSM sampled via sex parties, bars/clubs, and craigslist.org: implications for researchers and providers. AIDS Educ Prev. 2014;26:362–82.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zablotska IB, Holt M, Prestage GP. Changes in gay men’s participation in gay community life: implications for HIV surveillance and research. AIDS Behav. 2012;16:669–75.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Beymer MR, Weiss RE, Bolan RK, et al. Sex on demand: geosocial networking phone apps and risk of sexually transmitted infections among a cross-sectional sample of men who have sex with men in Los Angeles county. Sex Transm Infect. 2014;90:567–72.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Grov C, Parsons JT, Bimbi DS. Sexual risk behavior and venues for meeting sex partners: an intercept survey of gay and bisexual men in LA and NYC. AIDS Behav. 2007;11:915–26.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Westhaver R. Coming out of your skin: circuit parties, pleasure and the subject. Sexualities. 2005;8:347–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Westhaver R. Flaunting and empowerment. J Contemp Ethnogr. 2006;35:611–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hurley M, Prestage GP. Intensive sex partying amongst gay men in Sydney. Culture Health Sex. 2009;11:597–610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Slavin S. Drugs, space, and sociality in a gay nightclub in Sydney. J Contemp Ethnogr. 2004;33:265–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kippax S, Campbell D, Van de Ven P, et al. Cultures of sexual adventurism as markers of HIV seroconversion: a case control study in a cohort of Sydney gay men. AIDS Care. 1998;10:677–88.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Di Franceisco W, Ostrow DG, Chmiel JS. Sexual adventurism, high-risk behavior, and human immunodeficiency virus-1 seroconversion among the Chicago MACS-CCS cohort, 1984 to 1992: a case-control study. Sex Transm Dis. 1996;23:453–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bolding G, Davis M, Hart G, Sherr L, Elford J. Where young MSM meet their first sexual partner: the role of the Internet. AIDS Behav. 2007;11:522–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Grov C, Hirshfield S, Remien RH, Humberstone M, Chiasson MA. Exploring the venue’s role in risky sexual behavior among gay and bisexual men: an event-level analysis from a national online survey in the US. Arch Sex Behav. 2013;42:291–302.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bauermeister JA, Leslie-Santana M, Johns MM, Pingel E, Eisenberg A. Mr. Right and Mr. Right now: romantic and casual partner-seeking online among young men who have sex with men. AIDS Behav. 2011;15:261–72.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zablotska I, Crawford J, Imrie J, et al. Increases in unprotected anal intercourse with serodiscordant casual partners among HIV negative gay men in Sydney. AIDS Behav. 2009;13:638–44.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Benotsch EG, Kalichman S, Cage M. Men who have met sex partners via the Internet: prevalence, predictors, and implications for HIV prevention. Arch Sex Behav. 2002;31:177–83.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Liau A, Millett G, Marks G. Meta-analytic examination of online sex-seeking and sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men. Sex Transm Dis. 2006;33:576–84.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Berg RC. Barebacking among MSM Internet users. AIDS Behav. 2008;12(5):822–33.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Jenness SM, Neaigus A, Hagan H, Wendel T, Gelpi-Acosta C, Murrill CS. Reconsidering the internet as an HIV/STD risk for men who have sex with men. AIDS Behav. 2010;14:1353–61.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bolding G, Davis M, Hart G, Sherr L, Elford J. Gay men who look for sex on the Internet: is there more HIV/STI risk with online partners? AIDS. 2005;19:961–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Adam PCG, Murphy DA, De Wit JBF. When do online sexual fantasies become reality? The contribution of erotic chatting via the Internet to sexual risk-taking in gay and other men who have sex with men. Health Educ Res. 2011;26:506–15.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wei C, Lim SH, Guadamuz TE, Koe S. Virtual versus physical spaces: which facilitates greater HIV risk taking among men who have sex with men in East and South-East Asia? AIDS Behav. 2013;18:1428–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Prestage GP, Fogarty A, Mao L, et al. How has the sexual behaviour of gay men changed since the onset of AIDS: 1986–2003. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2005;29:530–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Gerber P, Sifris A. Current trends in the regulation of same-sex relationships. Annandale: The Federation Press; 2011.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Garrett Prestage
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Benjamin Bavinton
    • 1
  • Jeffrey Grierson
    • 3
  • Ian Down
    • 1
  • Phillip Keen
    • 1
  • Jack Bradley
    • 1
  • Duane Duncan
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Kirby InstituteThe University of New South WalesKensingtonAustralia
  2. 2.Australian Research Centre in Sex Health and SocietyLa Trobe UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.Anglia Ruskin UniversityCambridgeUK
  4. 4.University of New EnglandArmidaleAustralia

Personalised recommendations