AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 18, Issue 8, pp 1511–1522 | Cite as

Outcomes of HIV-Infected Patients Receiving Care at Multiple Clinics

  • Baligh R. Yehia
  • Asher J. Schranz
  • Florence Momplaisir
  • Sara C. Keller
  • Robert Gross
  • Ian Frank
  • Joshua P. Metlay
  • Kathleen A. Brady
Original Paper


Receiving care at multiple clinics may compromise the therapeutic patient-provider alliance and adversely affect the treatment of people living with HIV. We evaluated 12,759 HIV-infected adults in Philadelphia, PA between 2008 and 2010 to determine the effects of using multiple clinics for primary HIV care. Using generalized estimating equations with logistic regression, we examined the relationship between receiving care at multiple clinics (≥1 visit to two or more clinics during a calendar year) and two outcomes: (1) use of ART and (2) HIV viral load ≤200 copies/mL for patients on ART. Overall, 986 patients (8 %) received care at multiple clinics. The likelihood of attending multiple clinics was greater for younger patients, women, blacks, persons with public insurance, and for individuals in their first year of care. Adjusting for sociodemographic factors, patients receiving care at multiple clinics were less likely to use ART (AOR = 0.62, 95 % CI 0.55–0.71) and achieve HIV viral suppression (AOR = 0.78, 95 % CI 0.66–0.94) than individuals using one clinic. Qualitative data are needed to understand the reasons for visiting multiple clinics.


HIV care HIV clinics Use of multiple clinics HIV outcomes Viral suppression 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Baligh R. Yehia
    • 1
    • 2
  • Asher J. Schranz
    • 3
  • Florence Momplaisir
    • 4
  • Sara C. Keller
    • 1
  • Robert Gross
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  • Ian Frank
    • 1
  • Joshua P. Metlay
    • 6
  • Kathleen A. Brady
    • 1
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Perelman School of MedicineUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Center for Health Equity Research and PromotionPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of MedicineNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Department of MedicineTemple University School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA
  5. 5.Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Perelman School of MedicineUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  6. 6.General Medicine DivisionMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  7. 7.Philadelphia Department of Public HealthAIDS Activities Coordinating OfficePhiladelphiaUSA

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