AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 17, Issue 9, pp 2845–2863 | Cite as

Gender-Transformative Interventions to Reduce HIV Risks and Violence with Heterosexually-Active Men: A Review of the Global Evidence

  • Shari L. DworkinEmail author
  • Sarah Treves-Kagan
  • Sheri A. Lippman
Substantive Review


Emerging out of increased attention to gender equality within HIV and violence prevention programming has been an intensified focus on masculinities. A new generation of health interventions has attempted to shift norms of masculinity to be more gender equitable and has been termed “gender-transformative.” We carried out a systematic review of gender-transformative HIV and violence prevention programs with heterosexually-active men in order to assess the efficacy of this programming. After reviewing over 2,500 abstracts in a systematic search, a total of 15 articles matched review criteria. The evidence suggests that gender-transformative interventions can increase protective sexual behaviors, prevent partner violence, modify inequitable attitudes, and reduce STI/HIV, though further trials are warranted, particularly in establishing STI/HIV impacts. In the conclusion, we discuss the promises and limitations of gender-transformative work with men and make suggestions for future research focused on HIV and/or violence prevention.


HIV prevention Masculinity Gender norms Gender-transformative interventions Violence prevention 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shari L. Dworkin
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Sarah Treves-Kagan
    • 2
  • Sheri A. Lippman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Social and Behavioral SciencesUniversity of California at San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Department of MedicineUniversity of California at San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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