AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 17, Issue 9, pp 3091–3100 | Cite as

Personal Health Record Use and Its Association with Antiretroviral Adherence: Survey and Medical Record Data from 1871 US Veterans Infected with HIV

  • Keith McInnes D. 
  • Stephanie L. Shimada
  • Sowmya R. Rao
  • Ann Quill
  • Mona Duggal
  • Allen L. Gifford
  • Cynthia A. Brandt
  • Thomas K. Houston
  • Michael E. Ohl
  • Kirsha S. Gordon
  • Kristin M. Mattocks
  • Lewis E. Kazis
  • Amy C. Justice
Original Paper


Patient electronic personal health record (PHR) use has been associated with improved patient outcomes in diabetes and depression care. Little is known about the effect of PHR use on HIV care processes and outcomes. We evaluated whether there was an association between patient PHR use and antiretroviral adherence. Data came from the Veterans Aging Cohort Study and included cross-sectional survey and medical record data from 1871 HIV+ veterans. Our adherence measure was an antiretroviral medication possession ratio, dichotomized at 0.90, and based on pharmacy refill data. In our sample 44 % did not use the internet, 14 % used internet but not for health, 27 % used internet for health but not the PHR, and 14 % used the PHR. In multivariable analysis PHR use was associated with ≥90 % adherence after controlling for socio-demographic variables. Findings provide support for longitudinal studies and studies that identify which PHR functions (e.g. online medication refills, viewing lab results, secure messaging with providers) are most closely associated with medication adherence.


HIV Medication adherence Health informatics Internet Personal health record Veterans 



Dr. McInnes was supported by VA CDA #09-016 and by VA HIV/Hepatitis and eHealth QUERI Programs (RRP #09-192). The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Department of Veterans Affairs.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York (outside the USA)  2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keith McInnes D. 
    • 1
    • 2
  • Stephanie L. Shimada
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sowmya R. Rao
    • 1
    • 3
  • Ann Quill
    • 1
  • Mona Duggal
    • 4
  • Allen L. Gifford
    • 1
    • 9
  • Cynthia A. Brandt
    • 4
    • 7
  • Thomas K. Houston
    • 1
    • 3
  • Michael E. Ohl
    • 5
    • 6
  • Kirsha S. Gordon
    • 4
    • 7
  • Kristin M. Mattocks
    • 8
  • Lewis E. Kazis
    • 1
    • 2
  • Amy C. Justice
    • 4
    • 7
  1. 1.VA QUERI Program and VA New England Healthcare System, Bedford VA Medical CenterBedfordUSA
  2. 2.Boston University School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Quantitative Health SciencesUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA
  4. 4.Yale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA
  5. 5.Iowa City VAMCIowa CityUSA
  6. 6.University of Iowa Hospitals and ClinicsIowa CityUSA
  7. 7.VA Connecticut Healthcare SystemWest HavenUSA
  8. 8.VA Central Western Massachusetts Healthcare SystemLeedsUSA
  9. 9.Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public HealthBostonUSA

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