AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 17, Supplement 2, pp 89–99 | Cite as

The Role of Jails in Engaging PLWHA in Care: From Jail to Community

  • Richard C. Rapp
  • Rachel Ciomcia
  • Nick Zaller
  • Jeff Draine
  • Ann Ferguson
  • Robin Cagey
Original Paper

Abstract

HIV testing in jails has provided public health officials with the opportunity to not only identify new cases of HIV but to also reestablish contact with previously diagnosed individuals, many of whom never entered care following diagnosis or entered care but then dropped out. The presence of inmates throughout the HIV/AIDS continuum of care suggests that jails can play a strategic role in engaging persons living with HIV and AIDS in care. In order to be successful in structuring HIV/AIDS programs in jails, health care and correctional officials will be well-served to: (1) understand the HIV/AIDS continuum of care from the standpoint of engagement interventions that promote participation; (2) be aware of jail, community, and prison interventions that promote engagement in care; (3) anticipate and plan for the unique barriers jails provide in implementing engagement interventions; and, (4) be creative in designing engagement interventions suitable for both newly and previously diagnosed individuals.

Keywords

HIV AIDS Jail Engagement Linkage Retention Adherence Continuum of care 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the HRSA for their support of the EnhanceLink Initiative under which this paper was prepared.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard C. Rapp
    • 1
  • Rachel Ciomcia
    • 2
  • Nick Zaller
    • 3
  • Jeff Draine
    • 4
  • Ann Ferguson
    • 5
  • Robin Cagey
    • 6
  1. 1.Boonshoft School of MedicineWright State UniversityClaytonUSA
  2. 2.ATLAS ProgramCare Alliance Health CenterClevelandUSA
  3. 3.Warren Alpert Medical SchoolBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  4. 4.School of Social WorkTemple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  5. 5.AIDS Care GroupChesterUSA
  6. 6.New York City Department of Health and Mental HygieneNew YorkUSA

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