AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 17, Issue 5, pp 1855–1861

Associations Between Partner-Venue Specific Personal Responsibility Beliefs and Transmission Risk Behavior by HIV-Positive Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM)

  • Ann O’Leary
  • Keith J. Horvath
  • B. R. Simon Rosser
Brief Report

Abstract

Personal responsibility beliefs of HIV-positive individuals to protect sex partners are an important determinant of engagement in transmission risk behavior. However, the degree to which such beliefs vary across different partners is unknown. HIV-positive men who have sex with men (n = 248) completing an online survey rated their personal responsibility beliefs for partners met in up to four different ways: (a) in a bar; (b) through the internet; (c) in a public sex environment (PSE); or (d) through friends or family. For those reporting two or more partner-meeting venues in the prior 3 months (n = 98), about a third reported variation in responsibility ratings. Means among the venues were compared in pairwise fashion, with the strongest beliefs accruing to partners met through friends or family and the least with partners met in PSEs. These results provide further evidence that identifying ways to increase personal responsibility beliefs is an important goal, as well as is the application of Bandura’s theory of moral agency to HIV transmission risk behavior.

Keywords

Personal responsibility Altruism Partner specificity MSM Transmission risk HIV 

References

  1. 1.
    O’Leary A, Wolitski RJ. Moral agency and the sexual transmission of HIV. Psychol Bull. 2009;135:278–94.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Adam BD, Husbands W, Murray J, Maxwell J. Silence, assent and HIV risk. Cult Health Sex. 2008;10:759–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mischel W. Challenging the traditional personality psychology paradigm. In: Sternberg RJ, editor. Psychologists defying the crowd: stories of those who battled the establishment and won. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association; 2003. p. 139–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Carballo-Dieguez A, Miner M, Dolezal C, Simon Rosser BR, Jacoby S. Sexual negotiation, HIV-status disclosure, and sexual risk behavior among Latino men who use the internet to seek sex with other men. Arch Sex Behav. 2006;35:473–81.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Horvath KJ, Oakes JM, Simon Rosser BR. Sexual negotiation and HIV serodisclosure among men who have sex with men with their online and offline partners. J Urban Health. 2008;85:744–58.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Parsons JT, Schrimshaw EW, Bimbi DS, Wolitski RJ, Gomez CA, Halkitis PN. Consistent, inconsistent, and non-disclosure to casual sexual partners among HIV-seropositive gay and bisexual men. AIDS. 2005;19(Suppl 1):S87–97.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pequegnat W, Simon Rosser BR, Bowen AM, Bull SS, Diclemente RJ, Bockting WO, et al. Conducting internet-based HIV/STD prevention survey research: considerations in design and evaluation. AIDS Behav. 2007;11:505–21.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bandura A. Moral disengagement in the perpetration of inhumanities. Personal Soc Psychol Rev. 1999;3:193–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bandura A. Selective moral disengagement in the exercise of moral agency. J Moral Educ. 2002;31:101–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    O’Leary A. Guessing games: sex partner serostatus assumptions in the SUMS. In: Halkitis PN, Gomez C, Wolitski RJ, editors. Positive sex: the psychological and interpersonal dynamics of HIV seropositive gay and bisexual men’s relationships. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association; 2005. p. 121–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC (outside the USA) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ann O’Leary
    • 1
  • Keith J. Horvath
    • 2
  • B. R. Simon Rosser
    • 2
  1. 1.Prevention Research Branch, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and PreventionNCHHSTPAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Division of Epidemiology and Community HealthUniversity of Minnesota School of Public HealthMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.Center for AIDS Intervention Research, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral MedicineMedical College of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA

Personalised recommendations