AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 15, Issue 8, pp 1764–1775 | Cite as

A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Culturally Congruent Intervention to Increase Condom Use and HIV Testing Among Heterosexually Active Immigrant Latino Men

  • Scott D. Rhodes
  • Thomas P. McCoy
  • Aaron T. Vissman
  • Ralph J. DiClemente
  • Stacy Duck
  • Kenneth C. Hergenrather
  • Kristie Long Foley
  • Jorge Alonzo
  • Fred R. Bloom
  • Eugenia Eng
Original Paper


This randomized controlled trial tested the efficacy of an HIV prevention intervention to increase condom use and HIV testing among Spanish-speaking, heterosexually active immigrant Latino men. A community-based participatory research partnership developed the intervention and selected the study design. Following baseline data collection, 142 immigrant Latino men were randomized to the HIV prevention intervention or the cancer education intervention. Three-month follow-up data were collected from 139 participants, for a 98% retention rate. Mean age of participants was 31.6 years and 60% reported being from Mexico. Adjusting for baseline behaviors, relative to their peers in the cancer education comparison, participants in the HIV prevention intervention were more likely to report consistent condom use and receiving an HIV test. Community-based interventions for immigrant Latino men that are built on state of the art prevention science and developed in partnership with community members can greatly enhance preventive behaviors and may reduce HIV infection.


Hispanic/Latino Intervention HIV Men Prevention Community-based participatory research CBPR Immigrant 


Este estudio controlado y aleatorizado evaluó la eficacia de una intervención de prevención del VIH para incrementar el uso del condón y de pruebas del VIH entre inmigrantes latinos heterosexuales activos hispanohablantes. Una colaboración de investigación participativa basada en la comunidad desarrolló la intervención y seleccionó el diseño del estudio. De acuerdo a una recopilación inicial de datos, 142 hombres latinos inmigrantes fueron asignados de forma aleatoria a la intervención de prevención del VIH o a la intervención de educación sobre cáncer. Se realizó una recopilación de datos a los tres meses a 139 participantes, con un índice de retención de 98%. La edad promedio de los participantes fue de 31.6 años y 60% reportó ser originario de México. Tomando en consideración los comportamientos en la evaluación inicial, en relación con sus pares en la comparación con educación sobre cáncer, los participantes en la intervención de prevención del VIH reportaron más probabilidad de uso consistente del condón y pruebas de VIH. Intervenciones basadas en la comunidad para inmigrantes latinos hombres realizadas utilizando ciencia de última generación y desarrollada en colaboración con miembros de la comunidad pueden cuantiosamente incrementar comportamientos preventivos y reducir infección por el VIH.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Scott D. Rhodes
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Thomas P. McCoy
    • 4
  • Aaron T. Vissman
    • 5
  • Ralph J. DiClemente
    • 5
  • Stacy Duck
    • 6
  • Kenneth C. Hergenrather
    • 7
  • Kristie Long Foley
    • 8
  • Jorge Alonzo
    • 1
  • Fred R. Bloom
    • 9
  • Eugenia Eng
    • 10
  1. 1.Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Social Sciences and Health PolicyWake Forest University School of MedicineWinston-SalemUSA
  2. 2.Department of Internal MedicineWake Forest University School of MedicineWinston-SalemUSA
  3. 3.The Maya Angelou Center for Health EquityWake Forest University School of MedicineWinston-SalemUSA
  4. 4.Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Biostatistical SciencesWake Forest University School of MedicineWinston-SalemUSA
  5. 5.Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public HealthEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  6. 6.Chatham Social Health CouncilSiler CityUSA
  7. 7.Department of Counseling/Human Organizational StudiesThe George Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA
  8. 8.Medical Humanities, Davidson CollegeDavidsonUSA
  9. 9.Division of STD PreventionCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  10. 10.Department of Health Behavior and Health EducationUniversity of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public HealthChapel HillUSA

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