AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 1092–1114 | Cite as

Efficacy of HIV/STI Behavioral Interventions for Heterosexual African American Men in the United States: A Meta-Analysis

  • Kirk D. Henny
  • Nicole Crepaz
  • Cynthia M. Lyles
  • Khiya J. Marshall
  • Latrina W. Aupont
  • Elizabeth D. Jacobs
  • Adrian Liau
  • Sima Rama
  • Linda S. Kay
  • Leigh A. Willis
  • Mahnaz R. Charania
Original Paper


This meta-analysis estimates the overall efficacy of HIV prevention interventions to reduce HIV sexual risk behaviors and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among heterosexual African American men. A comprehensive search of the literature published during 1988–2008 yielded 44 relevant studies. Interventions significantly reduced HIV sexual risk behaviors and STIs. The stratified analysis for HIV sexual risk behaviors indicated that interventions were efficacious for studies specifically targeting African American men and men with incarceration history. In addition, interventions that had provision/referral of medical services, male facilitators, shorter follow-up periods, or emphasized the importance of protecting family and significant others were associated with reductions in HIV sexual risk behaviors. Meta-regression analyses indicated that the most robust intervention component is the provision/referral of medical services. Findings indicate that HIV interventions for heterosexual African American men might be more efficacious if they incorporated a range of health care services rather than HIV/STI-related services alone.


HIV intervention African American Heterosexual Meta-analysis Men 



We especially thank the Prevention Research Synthesis Team in the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for their assistance in identifying relevant studies, coding, and providing valuable feedback.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC (outside the USA)  2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kirk D. Henny
    • 1
  • Nicole Crepaz
    • 1
  • Cynthia M. Lyles
    • 1
  • Khiya J. Marshall
    • 1
  • Latrina W. Aupont
    • 1
  • Elizabeth D. Jacobs
    • 2
  • Adrian Liau
    • 3
  • Sima Rama
    • 4
  • Linda S. Kay
    • 1
  • Leigh A. Willis
    • 1
  • Mahnaz R. Charania
    • 1
  1. 1.Centers for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.ICF MacroAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Health Information & Translational SciencesIndiana University School of MedicineIndianapolisUSA
  4. 4.Manila Consulting Group, Inc.McLeanUSA

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