AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 65–74 | Cite as

Correlates of HIV Risk Among Injecting Drug Users in Sixteen Ukrainian Cities

  • Yuriy S. TaranEmail author
  • Lisa G. Johnston
  • Nataliia B. Pohorila
  • Tetiana O. Saliuk
Original Paper


We present findings from a HIV survey using respondent driven sampling among 3,711 injecting drug users (IDUs) in 16 cities in Ukraine in 2008. Eligible participants were males and females who injected drugs in the past 1 month, ≥16 years and lived/worked in their respective interview area. The impact of injecting and sexual risk behaviors on HIV-infection were analyzed using four logistic models. Overall HIV prevalence was 32%. In the sexual risk model, paying for sex in the past 3 months and condom use during last sex increased the odds of HIV infection. Being female, having greater than 3 years of injection drug use, always sharing equipment and using alcohol with drugs in the past month remained significant in all four models. These findings indicate the urgent need to scale up peer education, needle exchange and methadone substitution programs for IDUs with specific programs targeting the needs of female injectors


Ukraine HIV/AIDS Injecting drug users Sexual risk behaviors Respondent driven sampling 



This study was coordinated by the Ukrainian International HIV/AIDS Alliance and supported by the global fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuriy S. Taran
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lisa G. Johnston
    • 2
    • 3
  • Nataliia B. Pohorila
    • 3
  • Tetiana O. Saliuk
    • 3
  1. 1.Graduate School for Social ResearchWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Department of International Health & DevelopmentTulane University School of Public Health & Tropical MedicineNew OrleansUSA
  3. 3.ICF International HIV/AIDS Alliance in UkraineKyivUkraine

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