AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 214–227 | Cite as

HIV Incidence and Prevalence Among Aboriginal Peoples in Canada

  • Katrina C. Duncan
  • Charlotte Reading
  • Alexandra M. Borwein
  • Melanie C. M. Murray
  • Alexis Palmer
  • Warren Michelow
  • Hasina Samji
  • Viviane D. Lima
  • Julio S. G. Montaner
  • Robert S. Hogg
Original Paper

Abstract

We examined incidence, prevalence, and correlates of HIV infection in Aboriginal peoples in Canada and found that among most risk groups both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants showed similar levels of HIV prevalence. Aboriginal peoples who use illicit drugs were found to have higher HIV incidence and prevalence when compared to their non-Aboriginal drug-using peers. Aboriginal street youth and female sex workers were also found to have higher HIV prevalence. Among Aboriginal populations, correlates of HIV-positive sero-status include syringe sharing and frequently injecting drugs, as well as geographic and social factors such as living in Vancouver or having a history of non-consensual sex. This study is relevant to Canada and elsewhere, as Indigenous populations are disproportionately represented in the HIV epidemic worldwide.

Keywords

Aboriginal peoples Indigenous populations HIV incidence HIV prevalence Injection drug use Canada 

Supplementary material

10461_2010_9792_MOESM1_ESM.doc (56 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 56 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katrina C. Duncan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Charlotte Reading
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Alexandra M. Borwein
    • 1
    • 6
  • Melanie C. M. Murray
    • 7
  • Alexis Palmer
    • 1
  • Warren Michelow
    • 1
  • Hasina Samji
    • 8
  • Viviane D. Lima
    • 1
    • 7
  • Julio S. G. Montaner
    • 1
    • 7
  • Robert S. Hogg
    • 1
    • 6
  1. 1.Division of Epidemiology and Population HealthBritish Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDSVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Faculty of ScienceUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  3. 3.School of Health and Human PerformanceDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada
  4. 4.Department of Human and Social DevelopmentUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada
  5. 5.Centre for Aboriginal Health ResearchUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada
  6. 6.Faculty of Health SciencesSimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada
  7. 7.Division of AIDS, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  8. 8.Department of EpidemiologyJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthBaltimoreUSA

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