AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 14, Supplement 1, pp 84–93

Validating Alcohol Use Measures Among Male Drinkers in Goa: Implications for Research on Alcohol, Sexual Risk, and HIV in India

  • Thomas K. Greenfield
  • Madhabika B. Nayak
  • Jason Bond
  • Vikram Patel
  • Karen Trocki
  • Aravind Pillai
Original Paper

Abstract

Assessment of heavy drinking patterns is vital for HIV/AIDs studies in India and developing countries. A population survey in northern Goa included urban and rural male drinkers (n = 743) who completed a new Fractional Graduated Frequencies (F-GF) alcohol patterns measure assessing seven beverage types and drink sizes for the largest daily amount, then drinking frequencies at fractional amounts. The new measure was compared to a simpler quantity-frequency (QF) summary and, in a validity subsample of hazardous drinkers (n = 56), 28-day diaries of drinking events. Approximately 56% of total volume came from peak drinking (averaging 60 g ethanol/day). For AUDIT-based Hazardous Drinkers, QF and F-GF volumes (drinks/day) were not significantly different from diary volume (correlations 0.65 and 0.57, respectively). F-GF well captured the profile of daily amounts in drinking event data. In addition, the F-GF showed evidence of better predicting any sexual risk behavior or partner violence perpetration than the QF measure. Summary drinking pattern measures, especially the new F-GF, are more cost efficient than intensive event records, and appear valid when carefully assessing quantities with local beverage types and drink ethanol content.

Keywords

Alcohol use patterns Measurement Validity Goa Survey HIV/AIDS Risk factors 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas K. Greenfield
    • 1
    • 2
  • Madhabika B. Nayak
    • 1
  • Jason Bond
    • 1
  • Vikram Patel
    • 3
    • 4
  • Karen Trocki
    • 1
  • Aravind Pillai
    • 3
  1. 1.Alcohol Research GroupPublic Health InstituteEmeryvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of California San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.Sangath Center, Alto PorvorimGoaIndia
  4. 4.London School of Hygiene and Tropical MedicineLondonUK

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