AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 1401–1414

Correlates of HIV Knowledge and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Female Military Personnel

  • E. James Essien
  • Emmanuel Monjok
  • Hua Chen
  • Susan Abughosh
  • Ernest Ekong
  • Ronald J. Peters
  • Laurens HolmesJr.
  • Marcia M. Holstad
  • Osaro Mgbere
Original Paper

Abstract

Uniformed services personnel are at an increased risk of HIV infection. We examined the HIV/AIDS knowledge and sexual risk behaviors among female military personnel to determine the correlates of HIV risk behaviors in this population. The study used a cross-sectional design to examine HIV/AIDS knowledge and sexual risk behaviors in a sample of 346 females drawn from two military cantonments in Southwestern Nigeria. Data was collected between 2006 and 2008. Using bivariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression, HIV/AIDS knowledge and sexual behaviors were described in relation to socio-demographic characteristics of the participants. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that level of education and knowing someone infected with HIV/AIDS were significant (P < 0.05) predictors of HIV knowledge in this sample. HIV prevention self-efficacy was significantly (P < 0.05) predicted by annual income and race/ethnicity. Condom use attitudes were also significantly (P < 0.05) associated with number of children, annual income, and number of sexual partners. Data indicates the importance of incorporating these predictor variables into intervention designs.

Keywords

HIV/AIDS Risk behaviors Military personnel Nigeria 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. James Essien
    • 1
    • 3
  • Emmanuel Monjok
    • 1
  • Hua Chen
    • 1
  • Susan Abughosh
    • 1
  • Ernest Ekong
    • 2
  • Ronald J. Peters
    • 3
  • Laurens HolmesJr.
    • 4
  • Marcia M. Holstad
    • 5
  • Osaro Mgbere
    • 6
  1. 1.Institute of Community HealthUniversity of Houston, Texas Medical CenterHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Health Research and DevelopmentLagosNigeria
  3. 3.The University of Texas School of Public HealthHoustonUSA
  4. 4.Nemours Center for Childhood Cancer ResearchWilmingtonUSA
  5. 5.Nell Hodgson School of NursingEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  6. 6.Houston Department of Health and Human ServicesHoustonUSA

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