AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 347–355 | Cite as

A Longitudinal Study of Incarceration and HIV Risk Among Methadone Maintained Men and Their Primary Female Partners

  • Matthew W. EppersonEmail author
  • Maria R. Khan
  • Nabila El-Bassel
  • Elwin Wu
  • Louisa Gilbert
Original paper


This study examines the longitudinal relationship between personal and sexual partner incarceration and subsequent HIV risk behaviors among drug-involved men and their primary female sexual partners. A random sample of 356 men in methadone treatment in New York City were interviewed at baseline, 6 and 12 months; these men also reported information on their primary female sexual partners. Female partner recent incarceration was associated with subsequent increase in multiple partnerships for the male participants (AOR: 3.31; 95% C.I.: 1.26–8.72, P < .05). Female partner incarceration was also associated with reduced likelihood of subsequent unprotected sex between primary partners (AOR: .13; 95% C.I.: .05–.40, P < .01); this finding is somewhat unique and warrants further investigation. Findings support the notion of mutual influence in the case of female partner incarceration, which is associated with both female partner and male partner risk behaviors. HIV prevention implications are discussed, including the need for couple-based HIV prevention interventions targeting couples affected by incarceration.


Incarceration HIV risk Couples Methadone HIV prevention 



Dr. Epperson’s research is supported by a postdoctoral fellowship from the National Institute of Mental Health awarded to the Center for Behavioral Health Services and Criminal Justice Research (T32MH070313, Principal Investigator Nancy Wolff). The parent study was supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01DA012335, Principal Investigator Nabila El-Bassel).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew W. Epperson
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Maria R. Khan
    • 2
  • Nabila El-Bassel
    • 3
  • Elwin Wu
    • 3
  • Louisa Gilbert
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Behavioral Health Services & Criminal Justice Research, RutgersThe State University of New JerseyNew BrunswickUSA
  2. 2.School of Public HealthUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  3. 3.Social Intervention GroupColumbia University School of Social WorkNew YorkUSA

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