Alcohol Consumption is Associated with Poor Health in HIV Clinic Patient Population: A Behavioral Surveillance Study
- 145 Downloads
Previous research reports that populations with HIV consume higher rates of alcohol than general population. This cross-sectional study (n = 391) was conducted to measure alcohol consumption, factors associated with consumption, and the relationship between alcohol and HIV viral loads among individuals receiving HIV care. Increased alcohol consumption was associated with being male, lower education attainment, and lacking a current HAART prescription. Additionally, among those currently on HAART, unsuppressed viremia was associated with higher levels of alcohol consumption. These findings suggest that there may be a relatively low level of alcohol consumption that is detrimental to virologic suppression among populations with HIV.
KeywordsHIV Alcohol use Screening Viral load suppression
This publication was partially supported by Grant Number UL1 RR024992 from the National Center for Research Resources (NCRR), specifically KL2RR024994. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official view of NCRR or NIH. Dr. Overton has served as a consultant or on an advisory board for the following companies: Gilead, Bristol Myers Squibb, Glaxo-Smith-Kline, Tibotec, Merck, Monogram Sciences and Boehringer Ingelheim. He also has received research support from the following companies: Abbott, Gilead, Bavarian Nordic, Glaxo-Smith-Kline, Boehringer Ingelheim, and Tibotec.
- 1.Galvan FH, Bing EG, Fleishman JA, London AS, Caetano R, Burnam MA, et al. The prevalence of alcohol consumption and heavy drinking among people with HIV in the United States: results from the HIV cost and services utilization study. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2002;63(2):179–86.Google Scholar
- 4.Lopez OL, Becker JT, Dew MA, Caldararo R. Risk modifiers for peripheral sensory neuropathy in HIV infection/AIDS. Eur J Neurol: Blackwell Publishing Limited; 2004. p. 97–102.Google Scholar
- 5.Cooper CL, Cameron DW. Effect of alcohol use and highly active antiretroviral therapy on plasma levels of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) in patients coinfected with HIV and HCV. Clin Infect Dis: Infect Dis Soc Am. 2005;41:S105–9.Google Scholar
- 10.CDC. Incorporating HIV prevention into the medical care of persons living with HIV: recommendations of CDC, the health resources and services administration, the national institutes of health, and the HIV medicine association of the infectious diseases society of America. Morbidity and mortality weekly report. 2003;52(RR-12).Google Scholar
- 12.NIAAA. Helping patients who drink too much; 2007.Google Scholar
- 16.Paterson DL, Swindells S, Mohr J, Brester M, Vergis EN, Squier C, et al. Adherence to protease inhibitor therapy and outcomes in patients with HIV infection. Ann Intern Med. 2000 July 4, 2000;133(1):21–30.Google Scholar
- 17.Conigliaro J, Gordon AJ, McGinnis KA, Rabeneck L, Justice AC, Study VAC-S. How harmful is hazardous alcohol use and abuse in HIV infection: do health care providers know who is at risk? JAIDS J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003;33(4):521–5.Google Scholar