AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 1129–1142 | Cite as

Psychosocial Characteristics and Sexual Behaviors of People in Care for HIV Infection: An Examination of Men Who Have Sex with Men, Heterosexual Men and Women

  • Carol Golin
  • Gary Marks
  • Julie Wright
  • Mary Gerkovich
  • Hsiao-Chuan Tien
  • Shilpa N. Patel
  • Lytt Gardner
  • Christine O’Daniels
  • Tracey E. Wilson
  • Mark Thrun
  • Melanie Thompson
  • Stephen Raffanti
  • E. Byrd Quinlivan
Original Paper

Abstract

Few studies have examined the psychosocial factors associated with sexual transmission behaviors among HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM), heterosexual men (MSW) and women. We enrolled 1,050 sexually active HIV-positive patients at seven HIV clinics in six US cities as part of a clinic-based behavioral intervention. We describe the sexual transmission behaviors and examine demographic, clinical, psychosocial, and clinic prevention variables associated with unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse (UAVI). Twenty-three percent of MSM, 12.3% of MSW and 27.8% of women engaged in UAVI with partners perceived to be HIV-negative or of unknown serostatus. Among MSM and MSW, having multiple partners and lower self-efficacy were associated with increased odds of UAVI. Self-rating one’s health status as excellent/very good was a risk factor for UAVI among MSM. Among women, binge drinking and stressful life events were associated with UAVI. These findings identify variables that warrant attention in targeted interventions.

Keywords

HIV HIV prevention Sexual behavior STDs STD prevention 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carol Golin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Gary Marks
    • 7
  • Julie Wright
    • 6
  • Mary Gerkovich
    • 6
  • Hsiao-Chuan Tien
    • 4
  • Shilpa N. Patel
    • 3
  • Lytt Gardner
    • 7
  • Christine O’Daniels
    • 7
    • 8
  • Tracey E. Wilson
    • 9
  • Mark Thrun
    • 10
  • Melanie Thompson
    • 11
  • Stephen Raffanti
    • 12
  • E. Byrd Quinlivan
    • 1
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of MedicineUNC School of MedicineChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, UNC School of Public HealthUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.UNC Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services ResearchChapel HillUSA
  4. 4.UNC Center for AIDS ResearchChapel HillUSA
  5. 5.UNC Center for Infectious DiseasesChapel HillUSA
  6. 6.School of Medicine University of Missouri-Kansas CityKansas CityUSA
  7. 7.Division of HIV/AIDS PreventionCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  8. 8.McKing Consulting CorporationAtlantaUSA
  9. 9.Department of Preventive Medicine and Community HealthState University of New York, Downstate Medical CenterBinghamtonUSA
  10. 10.Denver Public HealthDenverUSA
  11. 11.AIDS Research Consortium of AtlantaAtlantaUSA
  12. 12.Vanderbilt University Medical CenterNashvilleUSA

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