Comparing Internet-Based and Venue-Based Methods to Sample MSM in the San Francisco Bay Area
- First Online:
- 338 Downloads
Methods of collecting behavioral surveillance data, including Web-based methods, have recently been explored in the United States. Questions have arisen as to what extent Internet recruitment methods yield samples of MSM comparable to those obtained using venue-based recruitment methods. We compare three recruitment methods among MSM with respect to demographic and risk behaviors, one sample was obtained using time location sampling at venues in San Francisco, one using a venue based like approach on the Internet and one using direct-marketing advertisements to recruit participants. The physical venue approach was most successful in completing interviews with approached men than both Internet approaches. Respondents recruited via the three methods reported slight differences in risk behavior. Direct marketing internet recruitment can obtain large samples of MSM in a short time.
KeywordsMSM Sampling Risk behavior Surveillance Internet
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2005). HIV prevalence, unrecognized infection, and HIV testing among men who have sex with men—five U.S. cities, June 2004–April 2005. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 54, 597–601.Google Scholar
- Elford, J., Bolding, G., Davis, M., Sherr, L., & Hart, G. (2004a). Web-based behavioral surveillance among men who have sex with men: A comparison of online and offline samples in London, UK. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 35(4), 421–426. doi:10.1097/00126334-200404010-00012.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Evans, A. R., Wiggins, R. D., Mercer, C. H., Bolding, G. J., & Elford, J. (2007). Men who have sex with men in Great Britain: Comparison of a self-selected Internet sample with a national probability sample. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 83(3), 200–205. doi:10.1136/sti.2006.023283.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Lemp, G. F., Hirozawa, A. M., Givertz, D., Nieri, G. N., Anderson, L., Lindegren, M. L., et al. (1994). Seroprevalence of HIV and risk behaviors among young homosexual and bisexual men. The San Francisco/Berkeley young men’s survey. Journal of the American Medical Association, 272, 449–454. doi:10.1001/jama.272.6.449.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Pollack, L. M., Osmond, D. H., Paul, J. P., & Catania, J. A. (2005). Evaluation of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s HIV Behavioral Surveillance of men who have sex with men: Sampling issues. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 32(9), 581–589. doi:10.1097/01.olq.0000175419.02839.d6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Rhodes, S. D., DiClemente, R. J., Cecil, H., Hergenrather, K. C., & Yee, L. J. (2002). Risk among men who have sex with men in the United States: A comparison of an Internet and a conventional outreach sample. AIDS Education and Prevention, 14(1), 41–50. doi:10.1521/aeap.22.214.171.12434.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Rosser, B. R., et al. (2008). HIV risk and the Internet: Results of the Men’s INTernet Sex (MINTS) Study. AIDS and Behavior. doi:10.1007/s10461-008-9399-8.
- Truong, H. H., Kellogg, T., Klausner, J. D., et al. (2006). Increases in sexually transmitted infections and sexual risk behavior without a concurrent increase in HIV incidence among men who have sex with men in San Francisco: A suggestion of HIV serosorting. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 82(6), 461–469. doi:10.1136/sti.2006.019950.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar