AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 663–670 | Cite as

Risk Factors for Syphilis and Prevalence of HIV, Hepatitis B and C among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Beijing, China: Implications for HIV Prevention

  • Yuhua Ruan
  • Fengji Luo
  • Yujiang Jia
  • Xinxu Li
  • Qingchun Li
  • Hongyuan Liang
  • Xiaoxi Zhang
  • Dongliang Li
  • Wei Shi
  • Jennifer M. Freeman
  • Sten H. Vermund
  • Yiming Shao
Original paper

Abstract

To examine the correlates for syphilis and the prevalence for HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C among men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) in Beijing, China. A total of 541 MSM was recruited using peer-referral, community outreach, and Internet. Questionnaire-based interviews provided information including, demographics, sexual and other risk behaviors. HIV prevalence was 4.8%, syphilis 19.8%, HCV 0.4% and HBsAg 6.5%. The median number of lifetime male sex partners was ten. In the past 3 months, 20.7% drank alcohol ≥1 times per week. In the past month, 21.3 and 14.6% had unprotected anal intercourse with regular and casual male sex partners, respectively. Syphilis infection was associated with less education, alcohol use, finding male sex partners through bathhouses/public washrooms/parks, and diagnoses of sexual transmitted diseases (STDs). Syphilis is now epidemic among Beijing’s MSM. Prevention efforts are urgent as HIV prevalence is already near 5%. Education, condom promotion, STD control, and alcohol-related intervention are needed urgently.

Keywords

China Men who have sex with men Syphilis HIV Sexually transmitted disease (STD) Risk behavior 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuhua Ruan
    • 1
  • Fengji Luo
    • 2
  • Yujiang Jia
    • 3
    • 4
  • Xinxu Li
    • 1
  • Qingchun Li
    • 1
  • Hongyuan Liang
    • 1
  • Xiaoxi Zhang
    • 2
  • Dongliang Li
    • 2
  • Wei Shi
    • 2
  • Jennifer M. Freeman
    • 5
  • Sten H. Vermund
    • 3
    • 4
  • Yiming Shao
    • 1
  1. 1.Epidemiology and Biostatistics Branch, Division of Virology and ImmunologyState Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, and National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention (NCAIDS), Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC)Xuanwu District, BeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Chaoyang Center for Disease Control and PreventionBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Institute for Global HealthVanderbilt University School of MedicineNashvilleUSA
  4. 4.Department of PediatricsVanderbilt University School of MedicineNashvilleUSA
  5. 5.Farmworker JusticeWashingtonUSA

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