AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 603–613 | Cite as

HIV/AIDS Behavioral Interventions in China: A Literature Review and Recommendation for Future Research

Review Paper


In the past two decades, China has witnessed an alarming increase of HIV/AIDS epidemic. Meanwhile, a number of HIV prevention interventions have been conducted. This study reviews existing studies in literature on behavioral interventions on HIV/AIDS in China. Of 25 studies we identified, most have been concentrated in South and South–West China, mainly targeting injection drug users and female sex workers. The most commonly used intervention strategy was individual-oriented HIV-related knowledge education and behavioral skill training. All studies reported positive intervention effects including improved HIV-related knowledge, increased condom use, reduced needle sharing, and reduced STI. Literature also suggests a lack of intervention among other at-risk populations such as MSM, migrant workers, and non-injecting drug users, lack of studies with rigorous evaluation design, inadequate follow-up, limited outcome measurement, and lack of multi-faceted structural interventions. The existing intervention studies document strong evidence of controlling HIV/AIDS epidemic through effective behavioral intervention. More efforts are needed to control the growing HIV/AIDS epidemic in China. Future studies need to employ more rigorous methodology and incorporate environmental or structural factors for different populations at risk of HIV infection in China.


China HIV/AIDS Behavioral intervention Literature review 



This study was supported in part by NIH Research Grants R01MH76488 and R01NR10498 by the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Institute of Nursing Research. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public HealthTexas A&M Health Science CenterCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Prevention Research Center, Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, School of MedicineWayne State UniversityMichiganUSA

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