AIDS and Behavior

, 13:691 | Cite as

Drug Use, Interpersonal Attraction, and Communication: Situational Factors as Predictors of Episodes of Unprotected Anal Intercourse among Latino Gay Men

  • Patrick A. Wilson
  • Rafael M. Díaz
  • Hirokazu Yoshikawa
  • Patrick E. Shrout
Original Paper


It is important to understand situational factors linked to episodes of unprotected sexual intercourse among Latino gay men (LGM), who are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS in the U.S. Past research has suggested that participation in difficult sexual situations mediates the relationship between socio-cultural factors and sexual risk behaviors among LGM. This study examined drug use by self and sex partners, interpersonal factors, and other key variables, each examined at the situation-level of analysis, as predictors of episodes of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) among LGM. Study participants included 270 LGM living in New York City, Miami, and Los Angeles who reported inconsistent condom use during anal intercourse in the last year. Men participated in structured interviews in which they were asked sets of detailed questions about their most recent episode of anal intercourse in which they used condoms, and their most recent anal intercourse episode in which they did not use condoms. Conditional logistic regression was used to compare the relevance of specific situational factors to participants’ episodes of UAI and protected anal intercourse. We found that drug use by a sex partner and lacks of discussions about condom use with partners, among other situational factors, were significantly related to episodes of UAI. The findings highlight the importance of considering the impact of sexual situations and interactions with sex partners when studying HIV risk among LGM and when designing interventions.


Drug use Sex partners Latino gay men Situational factors Within-subjects analysis 



This research was supported by grants R01-HD32776 (awarded to Rafael M. Díaz, Ph.D.) from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, and T32-MH19890 (awarded to Patrick Shrout, Ph.D. and supporting Patrick A. Wilson, Ph.D.) from the National Institute of Mental Health.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick A. Wilson
    • 1
  • Rafael M. Díaz
    • 2
  • Hirokazu Yoshikawa
    • 3
  • Patrick E. Shrout
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public HealthColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.César Chávez InstituteSan Francisco State UniversitySan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.Graduate School of EducationHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA

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