AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 174–180 | Cite as

Factor Structure of Leigh’s (1990) Alcohol Sex Expectancies Scale in Individuals in Treatment for HIV Disease

  • Stephen A. Maisto
  • Kathleen McGinnis
  • Robert Cook
  • Joseph Conigliaro
  • Kendall Bryant
  • Amy C. Justice
Original Paper


The purpose of this study was to validate the use of Leigh’s (1990) alcohol sex expectancies scale among HIV-infected individuals presenting for treatment as a way to facilitate research on sexual risk reduction among individuals in that population. The participants were 944 men who presented for treatment at infectious disease or general medicine clinics across 8 different VA Medical Center sites. A total of 534 of these men were HIV-positive and 410 were HIV-negative. The total sample was randomly divided in half within each HIV group to form exploratory (Sample 1) and confirmatory (Sample 2) subsamples. A principal components factor analysis with oblique rotation of the original 13-item Leigh scale within each HIV group in Sample 1 revealed a 2-factor (7 and 4 items, respectively) solution that was consistent across both HIV groups. These factors were named “More Open to Sexual Pleasure” (Factor 1) and “Reduced Inhibitions about Sex (Factor 2).” A confirmatory factor analysis of the 11-item, 2-factor solution on the full Sample 2 showed a modest fit to the data, excellent internal consistency reliability of both factors, a high correlation between the factors, and strong evidence for construct validity. These results were interpreted as supporting the use of the 11-item, 2-factor version of Leigh’s scale in studies of clinical samples of HIV-positive adults, and directions for research on further scale refinement are discussed.


Leigh (1990) scale Alcohol sex expectancies HIV-positive Validation 



This research was supported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism grant U10 AA13566.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen A. Maisto
    • 1
  • Kathleen McGinnis
    • 2
  • Robert Cook
    • 3
  • Joseph Conigliaro
    • 4
  • Kendall Bryant
    • 5
  • Amy C. Justice
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of PsychologySyracuse UniversitySyracuseUSA
  2. 2.VA Healthcare SystemPittsburghUSA
  3. 3.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  4. 4.University of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  5. 5.National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and AlcoholismRockvilleUSA
  6. 6.Yale UniversityNew HavenUSA

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