Family Planning Among HIV Positive and Negative Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Clients in a Resource Poor Setting in South Africa
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- Peltzer, K., Chao, LW. & Dana, P. AIDS Behav (2009) 13: 973. doi:10.1007/s10461-008-9365-5
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The purpose of this study was to investigate family planning needs, knowledge of HIV transmission and HIV disclosure in a cohort sample that had undergone PMTCT in a resource poor setting. Five public clinics implementing PMTCT from Qaukeni Local Service Area, O.R. Tambo District in the Eastern Cape. The sample at postnatal care consisted of 758 women with known HIV status. From 116 HIV positive women 76.3% and from 642 HIV negative women 85.2% got counseling on safe sex during pregnancy but only 65.8% and 62.3% of the women respectively practiced safe sex during pregnancy, which did not differ by HIV status. Postnatally, almost all women received counseling on family planning, yet use of contraceptives and condoms were low. Among HIV positive women PMTCT knowledge and younger age of the mother were associated with pregnancy desire, and among HIV negative women HIV disclosure to the partner, younger age of the mother and having a lower number of children were associated with pregnancy desire. High pregnancy desires (yet lower than for HIV negative women); low contraceptive and condom use were found among HIV positive women. HIV prevention and family planning must acknowledge the reproductive desires of HIV positive women and men.