Predictors of Risky Sexual Behavior among Adolescents in Tanzania
- 267 Downloads
Studies on sexual behavior among adolescents are fundamental in understanding and fighting against outcomes of unprotected sex that include unplanned/unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases. This survey conducted among in- and out-of-schools adolescents measured prevalence of sexual behavior variables, including risky sexual behavior and associated factors. Risky sexual behavior was defined as having first sex before 16 years, inconsistent condom use and having multiple sexual partners. About 30% of adolescents reported being sexually active; a higher proportion being among males than females and 24.5% of sexually active adolescents reported having multiple sexual partners. More males (37%) reported having multiple sexual partners than females (26%). Nearly 48% of unmarried sexually active adolescents reported having used a condom during the most recent sexual intercourse. Predictors of risky sexual behavior were being male, young age (10–14 years) and being inschool. Preventive information and education should take into consideration these factors.
KeywordsAdolescents HIV Risky sexual behavior Tanzania
We are grateful to the European Union for funding this study, the Ministry of Health for approving the research protocol. Thanks to our partners, Dan Church Aid and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania for logistical and moral support. Also, we thank the study participants for consenting and providing us with the valuable information. Disclaimer: The contents of this report are the sole responsibility of authors and DCA/ELCT/CEDHA LCCB programme and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.
- Friedman, H. L. (1994). Reproductive health in adolescence. World Health Statistics Quarterly, 47, 31–35.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Health. (2001). National policy on HIV/AIDS. Ministry of Health, Tanzania, Dar es Salaam.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Health. (2005). HIV/AIDS/STI surveillance. Report Number 19. National AIDS Control Programme, Tanzania, Dar es Salaam.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Health. (2006). Annual health statistical abstract. Tanzania, Dar es Salaam.Google Scholar
- National Bureau of Statistics. (2003). The 2002 population and housing census. Planning Commission, Tanzania. Dar es Salaam: Government Printers.Google Scholar
- National Bureau of Statistics, ORC Macro. (2005). Tanzania demographic and health survey 2004–05. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: National Bureau of Statistics and ORC Macro.Google Scholar
- World Health Organisation. (2000). The context of young people’s sexual relations. Progress in Reproductive Health Research, 53, 2–4.Google Scholar