AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 94–99 | Cite as

Predictors of Risky Sexual Behavior among Adolescents in Tanzania

  • Melkiory C. Masatu
  • Method R. KazauraEmail author
  • Sidney Ndeki
  • Ramadhan Mwampambe
Original Paper


Studies on sexual behavior among adolescents are fundamental in understanding and fighting against outcomes of unprotected sex that include unplanned/unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases. This survey conducted among in- and out-of-schools adolescents measured prevalence of sexual behavior variables, including risky sexual behavior and associated factors. Risky sexual behavior was defined as having first sex before 16 years, inconsistent condom use and having multiple sexual partners. About 30% of adolescents reported being sexually active; a higher proportion being among males than females and 24.5% of sexually active adolescents reported having multiple sexual partners. More males (37%) reported having multiple sexual partners than females (26%). Nearly 48% of unmarried sexually active adolescents reported having used a condom during the most recent sexual intercourse. Predictors of risky sexual behavior were being male, young age (10–14 years) and being inschool. Preventive information and education should take into consideration these factors.


Adolescents HIV Risky sexual behavior Tanzania 



We are grateful to the European Union for funding this study, the Ministry of Health for approving the research protocol. Thanks to our partners, Dan Church Aid and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania for logistical and moral support. Also, we thank the study participants for consenting and providing us with the valuable information. Disclaimer: The contents of this report are the sole responsibility of authors and DCA/ELCT/CEDHA LCCB programme and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melkiory C. Masatu
    • 1
  • Method R. Kazaura
    • 2
    Email author
  • Sidney Ndeki
    • 1
  • Ramadhan Mwampambe
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Educational Development in Health ArushaArushaTanzania
  2. 2.Department of Epidemiology and BiostatisticsMuhimbili University College of Health SciencesDar es SalaamTanzania

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