AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp 778–788 | Cite as

HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing among Injection Drug Users in South China: A Study of a Non-Government Organization Based Program

  • Huey T. ChenEmail author
  • Shaoling Liang
  • Quilan Liao
  • Siven Wang
  • Joseph E. Schumacher
  • Thomas N. Creger
  • Craig M. Wilson
  • Baiqing Dong
  • Sten H. Vermund
Original Paper


HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) programs are usually delivered by government health agencies in China. This study examined the feasibility of using a Chinese non-government organization (NGO) to deliver a VCT program to injection drug users (IDUs) in a southern Chinese city. The process data indicated the program successfully recruited and served 226 male and female IDUs in 4 months. The HIV prevalence rate of the study population was 57.5% by rapid HIV testing with a secondary rapid test to confirm. Quantitative and qualitative evaluations indicated that the VCT program was implemented appropriately and participants’ HIV knowledge and safe drug and sex practices were significantly improved after participation in the VCT program. This study demonstrates the feasibility of a Chinese NGO to provide VCT for IDUs and documents the processes and outcomes of the program. There remains a great need to find additional sources to provide VCT and other HIV prevention services to IDUs and other high-risk populations in China. Chinese NGOs have the potential to fill this need.


Voluntary counseling and testing Injection drug users Non-government organization HIV AIDS China 



The authors greatly appreciate the Health Services Foundation of the University of Alabama at Birmingham for providing a grant (#223 085) to support this research. The authors are very grateful for the support provided by Guangxi Department of Health and Guangxi Center for Disease Prevention and Control. The authors would also like to acknowledge the comments of the two anonymous reviewers, whose suggestions strengthened the paper considerably.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huey T. Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shaoling Liang
    • 2
  • Quilan Liao
    • 3
  • Siven Wang
    • 2
  • Joseph E. Schumacher
    • 4
  • Thomas N. Creger
    • 1
  • Craig M. Wilson
    • 5
  • Baiqing Dong
    • 2
  • Sten H. Vermund
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Health Behavior, School of Public HealthUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  2. 2.Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Center of Disease Prevention and ControlGuangxiChina
  3. 3.Women’s FederationGuangxiChina
  4. 4.Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of MedicineUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  5. 5.Department of Pediatrics and MedicineUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  6. 6.Institute for Global Health and Department of Pediatrics, School of MedicineVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA

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