AIDS and Behavior

, 11:393

Using Theory to Understand How Interventions Work: Project RESPECT, Condom Use, and the Integrative Model

  • Fen Rhodes
  • Judith A. Stein
  • Martin Fishbein
  • Risë B. Goldstein
  • Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus
Original Paper
  • 676 Downloads

Abstract

The Integrative Model of Behavioral Prediction (IM) provides guidelines for the development of successful HIV/STD interventions, yet few HIV prevention programs have identified which components of the IM have been associated with successful behavioral outcomes. Using structural equation modeling, this study examines in detail how components of the IM assessed prior to, and immediately after, the delivery of an intervention are associated with reported condom use 3 months later among participants in Project RESPECT, a multisite randomized controlled trial testing HIV/STD risk reduction strategies among clients attending public health clinics for sexually transmitted diseases. Overall, the IM predicted condom use at 3 months; there were, however, variations in the relative contribution of differing IM components as a function of gender and type of sexual partner as well as the type of intervention the participant had received.

Keywords

Condom use Theory of reasoned action Social cognitive theory Health belief model HIV 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fen Rhodes
    • 1
  • Judith A. Stein
    • 2
  • Martin Fishbein
    • 3
  • Risë B. Goldstein
    • 4
  • Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Psychology (Emeritus)California State University Long BeachLong BeachUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of California Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Annenberg School for CommunicationUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.Neuropsychiatric Institute, Center for Community HealthUniversity of California Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  5. 5.Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Neuropsychiatric Institute, Center for Community HealthUniversity of California Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

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