AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 11, Supplement 1, pp 95–105

Supporting Healthy Alternatives through Patient Education: A Theoretically Driven HIV Prevention Intervention for Persons Living with HIV/AIDS

  • Barbara D. Estrada
  • Stephen Trujillo
  • Antonio L. Estrada
Original Paper

Abstract

In the third decade of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, empirically based HIV transmission risk reduction interventions for HIV infected persons are still needed. As part of a Health Resources Services Administration/Special Projects of National Significance initiative to increase prevention services among HIV infected persons, we implemented SHAPE (Supporting Healthy Alternatives through Patient Education). SHAPE is a behavioral HIV prevention intervention delivered to HIV infected persons receiving primary medical care at El Rio Health Center in Tucson, Arizona. The SHAPE intervention is based on Kalichman’s “Healthy Relationships for Men and Women Living with HIV–AIDS.” The intervention is interactive and uses a video discussion intervention format where educational activities, movie clips, and discussions are used to provide participants with information and skills to increase their comfort in disclosing their HIV status and in reducing HIV transmission. This paper describes the intervention in sufficient detail to replicate it in other settings.

Keywords

Prevention with positives Disclosure Sexual risk reduction 

References

  1. Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman.Google Scholar
  2. Canadian AIDS Society. (2004). HIV transmission: Guidelines for assessing risk (5th ed.). Retrieved December 15, 2005, from http://www.cdnaids.ca/web/repguide.nsf/pages/.
  3. Kalichman, S. C., & Nachimson, D. (1999). Self-efficacy and disclosure of HIV-positive serostatus to sex partners. Health Psychology, 18(3), 281–287.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kalichman, S. C., Rompa, D., Cage, M., DiFonzo, K., Simpson, D., Austin, J., et al. (2001). Effectiveness of an intervention to reduce HIV transmission risks in HIV-positive people. American Journal of Prevention Medicine, 21(2), 84–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara D. Estrada
    • 1
  • Stephen Trujillo
    • 2
  • Antonio L. Estrada
    • 3
  1. 1.Impact Consultants Inc.TucsonUSA
  2. 2.El Rio—Special Immunology AssociatesTucsonUSA
  3. 3.Mexican American Studies and Research CenterThe University of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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