AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp 736–742 | Cite as

Educational Attainment and HIV Status among Ethiopian Voluntary Counseling and Testing Clients

  • Heather BradleyEmail author
  • Amare Bedada
  • Heena Brahmbhatt
  • Aklilu Kidanu
  • Duff Gillespie
  • Amy Tsui
Original Paper


We examined the association between HIV infection and educational attainment level among a population of 34,512 voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) clients in Ethiopia, using client data from the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE). Overall, more than 50 percent of the VCT clients report at least secondary level educational attainment, and HIV prevalence is 8.5 percent for men and 14.3 percent for women. HIV prevalence decreases significantly with each increase in education level for both men and women, and this association persists at secondary and higher education levels in the multivariate model. Male and female VCT clients with more than secondary level education are 58 percent and 66 percent (respectively) less likely to be HIV-positive than those with no education. HIV prevention and treatment interventions in Ethiopia should target less educated segments of the population including women, who have higher HIV prevalence and lower educational attainment than men.


HIV Educational attainment VCT Ethiopia 



The authors gratefully acknowledge support for conducting this research from the Bill and Melinda Gates Institute for Population and Reproductive Health.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heather Bradley
    • 1
    Email author
  • Amare Bedada
    • 2
  • Heena Brahmbhatt
    • 1
  • Aklilu Kidanu
    • 3
  • Duff Gillespie
    • 1
  • Amy Tsui
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Population and Family Health SciencesJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Family Guidance Association of EthiopiaAddis AbabaEthiopia
  3. 3.Miz-Hasab Research CenterAddis AbabaEthiopia

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