Assessing Antiretroviral Adherence via Electronic Drug Monitoring and Self-Report: An Examination of Key Methodological Issues
- First Online:
- Cite this article as:
- Pearson, C.R., Simoni, J.M., Hoff, P. et al. AIDS Behav (2007) 11: 161. doi:10.1007/s10461-006-9133-3
- 270 Downloads
We explored methodological issues related to antiretroviral adherence assessment, using 6 months of data collected in a completed intervention trial involving 136 low-income HIV-positive outpatients in the Bronx, NY. Findings suggest that operationalizing adherence as a continuous (versus dichotomous) variable and averaging adherence estimates over multiple assessment points (versus using only one) explains greater variance in HIV-1 RNA viral load (VL). Self-reported estimates provided during a phone interview accounted for similar variance in VL as EDM estimates (R2 = .17 phone versus .18 EDM). Self-reported adherence was not associated with a standard social desirability measure, and no difference in the accuracy of self-report adherence was observed for assessment periods of 1–3 days. Self-reported poor adherence was more closely associated with EDM adherence estimates than self-reported moderate and high adherence. On average across assessment points, fewer than 4% of participants who reported taking a dose of an incorrect amount of medication.