AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 217–226 | Cite as

Alcohol and Sexuality Research in the AIDS Era: Trends in Publication Activity, Target Populations and Research Design

Review Paper

Abstract

Research addressing relationships between alcohol and human sexuality has proliferated, due in part to efforts to characterize alcohol’s role in HIV risk behavior. This study provides a descriptive review of the alcohol–sexuality literature, using abstracts from 264 identified studies to estimate changes in publication activity, target populations, and the prevalence of HIV-related studies over time. We also examine methodological trends by estimating the prevalence of experimental vs. non-experimental studies. Findings show considerable increases in research activity and diversity of populations studied since the mid-1980’s and highlight the emergence of HIV-related studies as a focal point of alcohol–sexuality research efforts. Results also demonstrate a substantial decline in the proportion of studies utilizing experimental methods, in part because of frequent use of non-experimental approaches in studies of alcohol and HIV risk behavior. We discuss implications and review the role of experiments in evaluating causal relationships between alcohol and sexual risk behavior.

Keywords

Alcohol Sexuality HIV AIDS Experimental design 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Grant RO1AA013565. The authors thank David S. Levitt for his assistance with the literature searches conducted in compiling this review.

Supplementary material

10461_2006_9130_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (166 kb)
Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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